JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 23

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 23JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 23

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 23. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 111 :



If ~
This is actually just the speaker’s supposition, hope, not real.

For example:

Moshi, watashi ga kare datta nara, kanojo wo sutenai.
If I were him, I wouldn’t leave her.

Moshi, ryuugaku shinakatta nara, ima goro wa kuni de kekkon shite iru darou.
If I hadn’t gone to study abroad, I would be married around this time.

Structure 112 :



Even if ~ (the latter clause will still happen unaffectedly)

For example:

Moshi, benkyou shita to shitemo, shiken ni ochiru darou.
Even if I study, I will still fail the exam.

Moshi, jikan ga atta to shitemo, ryokou ni ikanai.
Even if I have time, I still won’t go travelling.

Moshi, kesshousen ni nokotta to shitatte, yuushou wa muzukashii deshou.
Even if I get into the final round, it’s hard to get the championship.

Structure 113 :



To emphasize もし in case something bad happens ~

For example:

Moshimo, Nihon ni iketara, Gion-matsuri ni sanka shitai desu.
If I could go to Japan, I would like to participate in the Gion Festival.

Moshimo, watashi ga otoko dattara, anata mitai na onna to tsukiawanai.
If I were a man, I wouldn’t go out with a woman like you.

Moshimo, umare kawareru nara, otoko ni naritai.
If I were born again, I would like to be a boy.

Structure 114 :



Decided to be ~
Used to show decisions that are made by the subject itself, but other factors such as by default or made by other people. ことになっている: Rules~

For example:

Sotsugyou-shiki wa 7-gatsu ni okonau koto ni narimashita.
The graduation ceremony will be held in July.

Watashi wa raishuu Nihon ni tenkin suru koto ni narimashita.
I will be transferred to Japan next week. 

Structure 115 :



To decide ~
Used to show a decision that is made by the subject itself, mentioning the decision maker. ことにしている: The result of a decision that has become a habit.

For example:

Gakkou no bunkasai ni sanka shinai koto ni shimashita.
I’ve decided not to attend the school festival.

Ashita kara osake wo yameru koto ni shita.
I’ve decided to stop drinking alcohol from tomorrow.

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 23. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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