JLPT N3 Grammartop view

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will start to introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar. Let’s learn about the first 5 structures.

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1

N3 Grammar Vれる:

Principles :

Group I: Vu → a+れる

Group II: Vる+られる

Group III: する → しられる  くる → こられる


Vれる is the passive form of the verb. It means the verb (V) acts upon the subject. The passive form Vれるis usually used when the speaker doesn’t or doesn’t want to mention the subject.

For example:

Kono shousetsu wa 1980-nen ni kakarete imasu.
This novel was written in 1980.

Gionmatsuri wa, maitoshi 7-gatsu ni okonawaremasu.
Gion Matsuri is held in July each year.

Haru wa hana no kisetsu to iwarete imasu.
Spring is said to be the flower season.

Structure 2:



The subject is acted upon by (N) with action V.

When talking about N – the initiator of the action that acts upon the subject, we only have to add N (the one who does action V) before the passive form of the verb.

For example:

Ano ko wa haha ni shikaremashita.
That child was scolded by his mother.

Kono uta wa ooku no kashu ni utawarete imasu.
This song is sung by many singers.

Structure 3 :



Please let me do the action V.
This structure is used to ask for permission to do something politely.



Group I: Vu → a+せる
Group II: Vる+させる
Group III: する → させる/ くる → こさせる

てもらえますか and もらえませんか is equal to ください means asking for permission.

For example:

Mado no chikaku no seki ni suwarasete kudasai.
Please let me sit by the window.

Kono supootsu taikai ni sanka sasete kudasai.
Please let me participate in this sporting event.

Saki ni kaerasete kudasai.
Please let me go home first.

Structure 4 :



The action V has to be taken.
This is about a compulsory action, if not doing this, things will turn out badly. It’s similar to Vなければならない/Vなければいけない.

For example:

Kyou wa ryoushin ga kuru kara, hayaku kaeranaito.
My parents will come here today, so I have to go home early.

Mousugu ame ga furisoudesu. Kasa wo motanaito.
It looks like it will rain any minute. I have to bring an umbrella.

Ashita kanji tesuto ga aru kara, benkyou shinakucha.
I have to study because I have a kanji test tomorrow.

Structure 5 :



The action V is already done.
These structure is used to show regret because someone did something (accidentally, not by purpose). It is also used to show the completion of an action (to finish up an activity).

For example:

食べてしまった → 食べちゃった
Tabete shimatta → Tabechatta
To eat up (nothing left).

帰ってしまう → 帰っちゃう
Kaette shimau → Kaecchau
(if you don’t hurry) I will  go back.

飲んでしまおう → 飲んじゃおう
Nonde shimaou → Non jaou
Drink it up.

混んでしまって → 混んじゃって
Konde shimatte → Kon jatte
It’s all mixed up.

Above are everything about the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1. If there is any structures that you are confused about, or don’t understand completely, feel free to comment below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

reference source : Ngữ pháp N3

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4 thoughts on “JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1

  • Thank you for the useful and educative site.
    I would like to ask what is Vu—a ?

    • Learn Japanese daily

      Vu mean Verbs which end with u column (く、す、ぬ…) . Ex : かくー>かか + れる。のむー>のま + れる
      Verb which end with う is changed to わ かう -> かわれる

  • Prarthana Bataju

    its quite difficult to read all kanji.it would be better if Kanji word was also written in Hiragana inside bracket like in Vocabulary

    • Learn Japanese daily

      oki Prarthana Bataju, we will create romaji under Japanese sentences. So if you need to see how to read unknown Kanji


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