JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will start to introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar. Let’s learn about the first 5 structures.

Structure 1:

Vれる:

Principles :

Group I: Vu → a+れる

Group II: Vる+られる

Group III: する → しられる  くる → こられる

Explanation:

Vれる is the passive form of the verb. It means the verb (V) acts upon the subject. The passive form Vれるis usually used when the speaker doesn’t or doesn’t want to mention the subject.

For example:

この本の説明は詳しく書かれていません。
Kono hon no setsumei ha kuwashiku kakarete imasen
The explanation in this book is not written in detail.

入学式は、このホールで行われます。
Nyuugakushiki wa, kono hooru de okonawaremasu.
The enrollment ceremony is organized in this hotel.

この建物は300年前に建てられました。
Kono tatemono wa 300 nen mae ni tateraremashita.
This building was built 300 years ago.

Structure 2:

Nに+Vれる

Explanation:

The subject is acted upon by (N) with action V.

When talking about N – the initiator of the action that acts upon the subject, we only have to add N (the one who does action V) before the passive form of the verb.

For example:

雨に降られて、服がぬれてしまった。
Ame ni furarete, fuku ga nurete shimatta.
I got soaked in the rain.

父に死なれて、大学を続けられなくなりました。
Chichi ni shinarete, daigaku o tsudzukerarenaku narimashita.
Because my dad passed away, I had to drop out of university.

Structure 3 :

V(さ)せてください
V(さ)せてもらえますか
V(さ)せてもらえませんか

Explanation:

Please let me do the action V.
This structure is used to ask for permission to do something politely.

Principles:

Vさせる:

Group I: Vu → a+せる
Group II: Vる+させる
Group III: する → させる/ くる → こさせる

てもらえますか and もらえませんか is equal to ください means asking for permission.

For example:

ちょっと気分が悪いので早く帰らせてください。
Chotto kibun ga warui node hayaku kaerasete kudasai.
As I’m not feeling well, please let me go home early.

あなたの会社のお話を聞かせてください。
Anata no kaisha no ohanashi o kikasete kudasai.
Please tell me about your company.

手を洗わせてください。
Te o arawasete kudasai.
Can I wash my hands, please?

Structure 4 :

Vないと
Vなくちゃ

Explanation:

The action V has to be taken.
This is about a compulsory action, if not doing this, things will turn out badly. It’s similar to Vなければならない/Vなければいけない.

For example:

明日は早く出かけるから、もう寝ないと。
Ashita wa hayaku dekakeru kara, mou nenai to.
I have to leave early, I must go to sleep now! (if i don’t sleep now, i can’t wake up early).

試験まで後一ヶ月だ。がんばって勉強しないと。
Shiken made ato ikkagetsu da. Ganbatte benkyou shinai to.
The exam is in a month, have to study! (If you don’t study, the results will turn out badly).

田中さんにメールの返事をしなくちゃ。
Tanaka-san ni meeru no henji o shinakucha.
Have to reply to Tanaka’s email!

Structure 5 :

V(て)+ちゃう
V(で)+じゃう

Explanation:

The action V is already done.
These structure is used to show regret because someone did something (accidentally, not by purpose). It is also used to show the completion of an action (to finish up an activity).

For example:

食べてしまった → 食べちゃった
Tabete shimatta → Tabechatta
To eat up (nothing left).

帰ってしまう → 帰っちゃう
Kaette shimau → Kaecchau
(if you don’t hurry) I will  go back.

飲んでしまおう → 飲んじゃおう
Nonde shimaou → Non jaou
Drink it up.

混んでしまって → 混んじゃって
Konde shimatte → Kon jatte
It’s all mixed up.

Above are everything about the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1. If there is any structures that you are confused about, or don’t understand completely, feel free to comment below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

reference source : Ngữ pháp N3

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4 thoughts on “JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1

  • 21/08/2019 at 2:30 pm
    Permalink

    Thank you for the useful and educative site.
    I would like to ask what is Vu—a ?

    Reply
    • 22/08/2019 at 4:11 am
      Permalink

      Vu mean Verbs which end with u column (く、す、ぬ…) . Ex : かくー>かか + れる。のむー>のま + れる
      Verb which end with う is changed to わ かう -> かわれる

      Reply
  • 31/01/2020 at 8:03 am
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    its quite difficult to read all kanji.it would be better if Kanji word was also written in Hiragana inside bracket like in Vocabulary
    🙁

    Reply
    • 02/02/2020 at 7:22 pm
      Permalink

      oki Prarthana Bataju, we will create romaji under Japanese sentences. So if you need to see how to read unknown Kanji

      Reply

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