JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 17

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 17

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 17

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 17. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 81 :

(V/N/Aい/Aな)普+(んだ)って
Note: Nだ(なんだ)って、Aだ(なんだ)って
[までだって、からだって、だけだって]もOK

Explanation:

Heard that ~
Used to describe information you have heard from others. Used when speaking, not with seniors.
When speaking with seniors, use(V/N/Aい/Aな)普そうだ。

For example:

[田中さん結婚してるんだって。」「へー、知らなかった。」
Tanaka-san kekkon shite rundatte. Hee, shiranakatta.
Heard that Tanaka got married. Huh?… I didn’t know that.

「試験の範囲は教科書の最初から50ページまでだって。」
Shiken no han’i wa kyoukasho no saisho kara 50 peeji made datte.
Heard that the exam will be limited from the first to 50th units in the text book.

Structure 82 :

(V/N/Aい/Aな)普+(んだ)もん/もの
Note: Nだ(なんだ)もん/もの、Aだ(なんだ)もん/もの

Explanation:

It’s because ~
Used to explain the reason that you assume it’s proper.
Use もん: used for both gender, もの: Usually used by women and children.

For example:

「どうして食べないの?」「だって、まずいんだもん。」
Doushite tabenai no. Datte, mazuindamon.
Why not eating? It’s because… the food is terrible.

今日の試験できなかった...。勉強しなかっただもん、仕方がない。
Kyou no shiken dekinakatta…. Benkyou shinakatta damon, shikata ga nai.
I couldn’t do the exam today… It’s because you didn’t study, can’t help it.

Structure 83 :

A,つまりB

Explanation:

It means ~, in other words ~
Used to explain the meaning.

For example:

父の兄、つまり私の伯父は医者をしている。
Chichi no ani, tsumari watashi no oji wa isha o shite iru.
My father’s older brother, in other words, my uncle, is a doctor.

田中さんは携帯もパソコンも持っていない。つまり、メールで連絡はできないのだ。
Tanaka-san wa keitai mo pasokon mo motte inai. Tsumari, meeru de renraku wa dekinai noda.
Takana doesn’t bring neither a phone nor a computer, it means I can’t contact him via email.

Structure 84 :

Reason / そのため(に)result

Explanation:

~ that’s why ~

For example:

隣の駅で事故が会ったらしい。そのために、電車が遅れてしまう。
Tonari no eki de jiko ga attarashii. Sonotame ni, densha ga okurete shimau.
Seems like there is an accident in the next station, that’s why the tram is late.

留学するつもりだ。そのために、バイトしてお金をためている。
Ryuugaku suru tsumorida. Sonotame ni, baito shite okane o tamete iru.
I want to go study abroad, that’s why I do a part time job to save money.

Structure 85 :

Reason (had happened in the past)。その結果、result.

Explanation:

~ That’s why, the result is ~

For example:

父は人の何倍を努力した。その結果仕事で成功した。
Chichi wa hito no nanbai doryoku shita. Sono kekka shigoto de seikou shita.
My father has been working so much harder than others. That’s why he became successful.

三ヶ月ダイエットを続けた。その結果、5キロやせた。
Sankagetsu daietto o tsudzuketa. Sono kekka, 5-kiro yaseta.
I have been on a diet in 3 months. As a result, I lost 5 kgs.

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 17. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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