JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 22

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 22JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 22

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 22. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 106 :

まるで+Nの/V普+よう
まるで+(V/N/Aい/Aな)普+みたい
注意:Nだ、Aだ

Explanation:

It just like ~
To compare a state to a thing, situation. To compare 2 things, situations that have different natures but appear to be similar on the outside.

For example:

彼女はまるで日本人のようです。
Kanojo wa marude Nihonjin no you desu.
She looks like a Japanese.

あの二人はまるで恋人同士のようだ。
Ano futari wa marude koibito doushi no youda.
They look like lovers.

Structure 107 :

[文1]。けれど、[文2]

Explanation:

~ However ~
Usually used when speaking.

For example:

日本へ留学したい。けれど、私の日本語は悪い。
Nihon e ryuugaku shitai. Keredo, watashi no Nihongo wa warui.
I want to study abroad in Japan. However, my Japanese is bad.

私は3時間待った。けれど、彼は来なかった。
Watashi wa 3-jikan matta. Keredo, kare wa konakatta.
I waited for 3 hours. However, he didn’t come.

Structure 108 :

Reason / cause。ですから apparent result/ speculation

Explanation:

~ That’s why ~

For example:

新しい家を買うつもりです。ですから、一生懸命に働いてお金をためます。
Atarashii ie wo kau tsumori desu. Desukara, isshoukenmei ni hataraite okane wo tamemasu.
I am planning to buy a new house. Therefore, I will work hard and save money.

明日は休みを取ります。ですから、会社のパーティーに出席できません。
Ashita wa yasumi wo torimasu. Desukara, kaisha no paatii ni shusseki dekimasen.
I will take a day off tomorrow. Therefore, I can’t attend the office party.

Structure 109 :

To guess / plan 。ところが result / the fact is different from the guess.

Explanation:

~ however ~

For example:

私のチームが勝つと思っていた。ところが、負けてしまった。
Watashi no chiimu ga katsu to omotte ita. Tokoroga, makete shimatta.
I thought my team would win. However, we lost. 

昨日、友達と一緒に映画に行くつもりだった。ところが、雨で行けなかった。
Kinou, tomodachi to issho ni eiga ni iku tsumori datta. Tokoroga, ame de ikenakatta.
I was planning to go to the movies with my friends yesterday. However, I couldn’t go because of the rain.

Structure 110 :

[文1]。ところで、[文2]

Explanation:

~ By the way ~
To switch the topic when the two topics are not related.

For example:

ところで、駅までの道がわかる?
Tokorode, eki made no michi ga wakaru?
By the way, do you know the way to the station?

ところで、どうやって家に帰るの?
Tokorode, dou yatte ie ni kaeru no?
By the way, how do you get home?

もうすぐ、今年も終わりですね。ところで、正月はどうなさいますか。
Mousugu, kotoshi mo owari desu ne. Tokorode, shougatsu wa dou nasaimasuka.
This year is ending isn’t it. By the way, what is your plan for the Lunar new year?

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 22. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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