JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 22

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 22JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 22

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 22. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 106 :

まるで+Nの/V普+よう
まるで+(V/N/Aい/Aな)普+みたい
注意:Nだ、Aだ

Explanation:

It just like ~
To compare a state to a thing, situation. To compare 2 things, situations that have different natures but appear to be similar on the outside.

For example:

合格した!まるで夢のようだ。
Goukaku shita! Marude yume no youda.
Yas, I passed the exam! It’s like a dream.

彼の日本語はまるで日本人が話しているみたいに聞こえる。
Kare no nihongo wa marude nihonjin ga hanashite iru mitai ni kikoeru.
He speaks Japanese (sounds) just like a native Japanese speaker.

Structure 107 :

[文1]。けれど、[文2]

Explanation:

~ However ~
Usually used when speaking.

For example:

旅行に行きたい。けれど暇はない。
Ryokou ni ikitai. Keredo hima wa nai.
I want to go travelling. However, I don’t have free time.

よくカラオケに行く。けれど、歌は下手だ。
Yoku karaoke ni iku. Keredo, uta wa hetada.
I often go to Karaoke. However, I sing badly.

Structure 108 :

Reason / cause。ですから apparent result/ speculation

Explanation:

~ That’s why ~

For example:

[天気予報では午後から雨だそうです。ですから、傘を持っていったほうがいいですよ。」
Tenkiyohou de wa gogo kara ameda soudesu. Desukara, kasa o motte itta hou ga ii desu yo.
According to the weather forecast, it will be raining from the afternoon. Therefore, you should bring an umbrella.

明日から旅行に行きます。ですから、申し訳ありませんが、来週のパーティーには出席できません。
Ashita kara ryokou ni ikimasu. Desukara, moushiwake arimasenga, raishuu no paatii ni wa shusseki dekimasen.
Tomorrow I will go travelling. Therefore, I’m really sorry, I can’t take part in the party next week.

Structure 109 :

To guess / plan 。ところが result / the fact is different from the guess.

Explanation:

~ however ~

For example:

昨夜はコンサートに行くつもりだった。ところが、病気で行けなくなった。
Yuube wa konsaato ni iku tsumori datta. Tokoroga, byouki de ikenakunatta.
Last night I had planned to go to the concert. However because of being sick, I couldn’t go.

田中さんは私より若いと思っていた。ところが、私より5歳も年上だった。
Tanaka-san wa watashi yori wakai to omotte ita. Tokoroga, watashi yori 5-sai mo toshiue datta.
I thought Mr. Tanaka was younger than me. However he is 5 years older than me.

Structure 110 :

[文1]。ところで、[文2]

Explanation:

~ By the way ~
To switch the topic when the two topics are not related.

For example:

[明日、試験でしょ。がんばってね。ところで、来週の月曜日、空いてる?」
Ashita, shiken desho. Ganbatte ne. Tokorode, raishuu no getsuyoubi, aiteru?
You have an exam tomorrow? Try your best. By the way, are you free next Monday?

もうすぐ、今年も終わりですね。ところで、正月はどうなさいますか。
Mousugu, kotoshi mo owari desu ne. Tokorode, shougatsu wa dou nasaimasuka.
This year is ending isn’t it. By the way, what is your plan for Lunar new year?

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 22. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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