Janapanese for beginers

Learn minna no nihongo lesson 49

Let’s learn minna no nihongo lesson 49!

Learn minna no nihongo lesson 49

1. Vocabulary

1つとめる勤めるwork (for a company)
2やすむ休むsleep, rest
3かける掛けるsit (on chair)
4すごす過ごすexperience (v)
5よる寄るvisit, drop in
6いらっしゃるstay, have, go, come (honorific language of います、いきます、きます)
7めしあがる召し上がるeat, drink (honorific language of 食べます、飲みます)
8おっしゃるspeak (honorific language of 言います)
9なさるdo (honorific language of します)
10ごらんになるご覧になるwatch, look (honorific language of 見ます)
11ごぞんじですご存知ですknow (honorific language of 知っています)
13はいざら灰皿the ashtray
14りょかん旅館Japanese style hotel
16バスていbus stop
17ぼうえき貿易commerce, trade
18さまsir, madam ( honorific language)
19かえりにon the way back
21ちっともnot at all
22えんりょなく遠慮なくbe yourself at home
23∼ねん∼くみ∼年∼組grade… class… group
24ではpolite form of じゃ
25だします(ねつを∼)出します(熱を∼)be sick
26よろしくおつたえくださいよろしくお伝えくださいsend my best regard to
27しつれいいたします失礼いたしますexcuse me (humble language of しつれいします)

2. Kanji

灰 : Ashes, Cremate

灰皿 (haizara) : ashtray

灰色 (haiiro) : grey, gray

貿 : Trade, Exchange

貿易 (boueki) : trade (foreign)

存 : Exist, Suppose, Feel

保存 (hozon) : preservation, conservation

ご存知 (gozonji) : knowing

階 : Storey, Stair

階段 (kaidan) : stairs, stairway

地階 (chikai) : basement

様 : Manner, Situation, Polite suffix

様子 (yousu) : state, situation

様々 (samazama) : varied, various

召 : Seduce, Call, Eat, Drink, Wear

召し上がる (meshiagaru) : eat, drink

寄 : Draw near, Stop in, Gather, Send

寄る (yoru) : visit, drop in

年寄り (toshiyori) : old person

疲 : Exhausted, Tire, Weary

疲れる (tsukareru) : to get tired

疲労 (hirou) : fatigue, weariness

勤 : Diligence, Become employed, Serve

勤める (tsutomeru) : work (for a company)

通勤 (tsuukin) : commuting to work

泊 : Overnight stay, Ride at anchor

泊まる (tomaru) : to stay at (e.g. hotel)

宿泊 (shukuhaku) : accommodation, lodging

See the grammar structures of minna no nihongo lesson 49 on the next page.

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