JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 3

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 3JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 3

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 3. Hi everyone! In this article, LearnJapanesedaily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 11 :

Vる/Vない/Vれる+ように、~

Explanation:

To wish, hope ~ advise.
To show a purpose, normally used with modal verbs of possibility.

For example:

みんなに聞こえるように、もっと大きい声で話してください。
Minna ni kikoeru youni, motto ookii koe de hanashite kudasai.
Talk louder so everyone can hear.

忘れないように、手帳に書いておこう。
Wasurenai youni, techou ni kaite okou.
Write down on a note book to not forget.

Structure 12 :

Vる+ようになる

Explanation:

To become, to change the state.
Used to show the change of state of things.

For example:

このDVD プレーヤーを直してもらったから、使えるようになった。
Kono DVD pureeyaa o naoshite moratta kara, tsukaeru youni natta.
Due to him fixing the DVD player, it’s now usable (changed from an unusable to a usable state).

ここの電気は人が通ると、つくようになっています。
Koko no denki wa hito ga tooru to, tsuku youni natte imasu.
Everytime there is a person passing by, this light is turned on.

Structure 13 :

Nの/V普+ように、~

Explanation:

According to.
Used to start a story.
Verbs usually used in this structure: 書いてある、言う、聞く…

Explanation:

皆さんご存知のように、試験が変わります。
Minasan gozonji no youni, shiken ga kawarimasu.
Like everybody already knows, the exam will have some changes.

ここに書いてあるように、今度の木曜日、授業は午前中だけです。
Koko ni kaite aru youni, kondo no mokuyoubi, jugyou wa gozenchuu dake desu.
As written above, this Thursday, the lesson will be on morning only.

前に話ししたように 来年から授業料が値上がりします。
Mae ni hanashi shita youni rainen kara jugyouryou ga neagari shimasu.
Like it has been said before, the tuition fee will be raised starting from next year.

Structure 14 :

Vる/Vない+ようにする

Explanation:

Let’s (do the action V).
Used at the end of a sentence, to show an order (subtle), not directly.
This structure used to show an even more subtle order than : Vてください and Vなさい

For example:

「明日はもっと早く来るように。」
Ashita wa motto hayaku kuru youni.
Remember to come earlier tomorrow.
「はい、分かりました。」
Hai, wakarimashita.
Yes, I understood.

ここでたばこを吸わないように。
Kokode tabako o suwanai youni.
Please don’t smoke here!

Structure 15 :

Vます/Vません/Vれます+ように

Explanation

To wish, hope, pray ~
To show the speaker’s hope wishfully.

For example: 

合格しますように。
Goukaku shimasu youni.
Hope I will pass the exam!

母の病気が治りますように。
Haha no byouki ga naorimasu youni.
Pray for my mom’s disease to go way!

インフルエンザにかかりませんように。
Infuruenza ni kakarimasen youni.
Hope I won’t catch avian influenza.

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 3. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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