JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 2

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 2JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 2

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 2. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 6 :

Vてとく:
Vておく→Vとく
Vでおく→Vどく
Vておかない→Vとかない

Explanation:

To do the action V in advance to prepare for something.

For example:

テストで間違ったところを、ノートに書いとこう。(=書いておこう)
Tesuto de machigatta tokoro o, nooto ni kaitokou.
Write down the mistakes on the notebook (For revision)

トイレットペーパーがもうすぐなくなるから、買っとかないと。(=買っておかないといけない)
Toiretto peepaa ga mousugu naku naru kara, kattokanaito.
We are running out of toilet paper, if we don’t buy new rolls in advance (then it’s not ok).

Structure 7 :

N/Aい/Aな/V普)+みたいだ/みたいに/みたいなN

V普:Vる、Vない、Vた、Vなかった

N普:Nだ、Nではない、Nだった、Nではなかった

Aい普:Aい、Aくない、Aかった、Aくなかった

Aな普:Aだ、Aではない、Aだった、Aではなかった)

Explanation:

Seems like, feels like, sounds like:

To show the speaker’s guess, judgement. Rashi is used to show equal comparison. Like otokorashi: like a boy (N1 = N2). Mitai is used to point out a similar quality.

For example:

彼の話し方は女みたいだ。
Kare no hanashikata wa onna mitai da.
He talks like a girl.

この砂は星みたいな形をしている。
Kono suna wa hoshi mitai na katachi o shite iru.
That grain of sand looks like a star.

このアパートは誰も住んでいないみたいだ。
Kono apaato wa dare mo sunde inai mitai da.
Seems like no one lives in that apartment.

リンさんみたいに日本語がうまくなりたい。
Rin-san mitai ni nihongo ga umaku naritai.
I want to speak Japanese as well as Rin.

会社を売ると言うか取られたみたいなものだ。
Kaisha o uru to iu ka torareta mitai na mono da.
The company is said to be sold, but it seems to have been acquired.

Structure 8 :

Nらしい

Explanation

Exactly like, just like
To emphasize a certain quality of the noun.

For example:

今日は春らしい暖かい日でした。
Kyou wa harurashii atatakai hi deshita.
The weather today is warm just like a spring day.

Structure 9 :

Nっぽい

Explanation:

To look a little like N.

To give judgement

Normally goes along with bad judgement.

To have the propensity to talk about the characteristics of a person.

About color: To have that color, have a shade that is similar with that color (view example 2)

A lot of (water, oil – cooking).

For example:

二十歳なのに子どもっぽいだ
Hatachi nanoni kodomoppoi da.
(He/she is) already 20 years old but still like a child.

白っぽい服を着ていた
Shiroppoi fuku o kite ita.
I wore a white-ish shirt (like it is white).

子ども・女・男・やくざっぽい格好をしている
Kodomo・onna・otoko・yakuzappoi kakkou o shite iru.
Have character (personality) like a child/girl/boy/gangster.

この料理は油っぽいだね
Kono ryouri wa aburappoi da ne.
This dish has so much oil.

Structure 10 :

Vる/Vない+ようにする

Explanation:

To put effort into doing something, pay attention to something in order to…

For example:

忘れ物をしないように注意してください。
Wasuremono o shinai youni chuui shite kudasai.
Please be aware not to forget your belongings.

よみやすいように文字を書く
Yomi yasui youni moji o kaku.
To make your handwriting in the way that it’s easy to read

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 2. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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