JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 19

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 19JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 19

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 19. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 91 :

Vます+あげる/あがる

Explanation:

Done doing V (on the other hand, also means to increase V)
Used to show the completion of an action V, implies hard work.

For example:

やっとレポートを書き上げた。
Yatto repooto o kaki ageta.
Finally, I have done writing the report.

ケーキが焼き上がりましたよ。
Keeki ga yaki agarimashita yo.
The cakes are done.

Structure 92 :

V(ます)+切る/切れる

Explanation:

To finish completely (To emphasize the quantity)
V(ます)+切れない unfinished.

For example:

ご飯の量が多くて、食べ切れないよ。
Gohan no ryou ga ookute, tabe kirenai yo.
Too much rice,  can’t eat it all up.

長い小説を二日間で読み切った。
Nagai shousetsu o futsukakan de yomi kitta.
I finished reading long novel in 2 days.

Structure 93 :

Vます+かける/かけのN/かけだ

Explanation:

Doing V, working on V, in the middle of doing V.
For a long process, it means “about to”, “going to”.

For example:

この本はまだ読みかけだ。
Kono hon wa mada yomi kakeda.
I’m still in the middle of reading this book.

お風呂に入りかけたときに電話が鳴った。
Ofuro ni hairi kaketa toki ni denwa ga natta.
When I was taking a bath, the phone rang.

Structure 94 :

V(ます)+たてだ/たてのN

Explanation:

To have just finished doing V.
Equal Vたばかり(in speaking)
Used with certain verbs.
Not used with 読む、建てる、寝る、食べる

For example:

焼きたてのパンはおいしい。
Yaki tate no pan wa oishii.
Freshly baked bread tastes really good.

あのスーパーは取りたて新鮮な野菜を売っている。
Ano suupaa wa tori tate shisen na yasai o utte iru.
That supermarket is selling fresh just-picked vegetables.

Structure 95 :

(V/N/Aい/Aな)普+といい(のに)なあ
(Vたら/Aかったら/Aだったら/Nだったら/Vば/Aければ/Aなら/Nなら)+(いいのに)なあ

Explanation:

How great would it be if ~
To wish.
Used when speaking.

For example:

もっと日本語がうまく話せたらいいなあ。
Motto nihongo ga umaku hanasetara ii naa.
How great would it be if my Japanese could be better.

明日、雨が降らないといいなあ。
Ashita, ame ga furanai to ii naa.
I hope it doesn’t rain tomorrow.

材料は新鮮だったら(いいのに)なあ。
Zairyou wa shinsen dattara (iinoni) naa.
It would be great if the materials were fresh.

担任は田中先生ならなあ。
Tannin wa Tanaka sensei nara naa.
It would be great if the homeroom teacher was Mr. Tanaka.

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 19. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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