JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 19

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 19JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 19

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 19. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 91 :

Vます+あげる/あがる

Explanation:

Done doing V (on the other hand, also means to increase V)
Used to show the completion of an action V, implies hard work.

For example:

論文を書き上げた。
Ronbun wo kaki ageta.
I finished writing my thesis.

資料を作り上げました。
Shiryou wo tsukuri agemashita.
I finished preparing the documents.

Structure 92 :

V(ます)+切る/切れる

Explanation:

To finish completely (To emphasize the quantity)
V(ます)+切れない unfinished.

For example:

難しい言葉がたくさんあって覚え切れない。
Muzukashii kotoba ga takusan atte oboe kirenai.
There are too many difficult words, I can’t remember them all.

運を使い切った。
Un wo tsukai kitta.
I have used up my luck.

Structure 93 :

Vます+かける/かけのN/かけだ

Explanation:

Doing V, working on V, in the middle of doing V.
For a long process, it means “about to”, “going to”.

For example:

食べかけのアイスクリーム。
Tabe kake no aisukuriimu.
Half‐eaten ice cream.

レポートを書きかけたとき、電話が鳴った。
Repooto wo kaki kaketa toki, denwa ga natta.
When I was writing the report, the phone rang.

Structure 94 :

V(ます)+たてだ/たてのN

Explanation:

To have just finished doing V.
Equal Vたばかり(in speaking)
Used with certain verbs.
Not used with 読む、建てる、寝る、食べる

For example:

このケーキは焼きたてだ。
Kono keeki wa yaki tateda.
This cake is freshly baked.

洗い立てのシャツを着ます。
Arai tate no shatsu wo kimasu.
I will wear the newly-washed shirt.

Structure 95 :

(V/N/Aい/Aな)普+といい(のに)なあ
(Vたら/Aかったら/Aだったら/Nだったら/Vば/Aければ/Aなら/Nなら)+(いいのに)なあ

Explanation:

How great would it be if ~
To wish.
Used when speaking.

For example:

このケーキを食べられたらいいなあ。
Kono keeki wo taberaretara ii naa.
I wish I could eat this cake. 

彼女に会えるといいなあ。
Kanojo ni aeru to ii naa.
I hope I can see her.

材料は新鮮だったら(いいのに)なあ。
Zairyou wa shinsen dattara (iinoni) naa.
It would be great if the materials were fresh.

担任は田中先生ならなあ。
Tannin wa Tanaka-sensei nara naa.
It would be great if the homeroom teacher was Mr. Tanaka.

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 19. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

Stay with us on :
Facebook - Twitter - Pinterest - Reddit

Leave a Reply

error: Alert: Content is protected !!