JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 18

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 18JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 18

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 18. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 86 :

To sum up。(なぜなら/なぜかというと/どうしてかというと)、the reason +からだ


~ If you’re asking why then it’s because ~

For example:

Raishuu, kuni ni kaeru yotei desu. Nazenara, shin’yuu no kekkonshiki ni shusseki suru kara desu.
I have planned to return to the country next week. The reason is to attend my best friend’s wedding.

Gakkou o kaeta. Naze ka to iu to, boku no reberu no kurasu ga nakatta karada.
I have transferred to a new school, the reason is: the old school doesn’t have a class that is on my level.

Structure 87 :



N1 is obviously ~ , but N2 is, too.
As a matter of course N1 is obviously ~, typical, then N2 is also ~ .

For example:

Kare wa benkyou wa mochiron, supootsu mo yoku dekiru.
He is obviously good at studying, he is good at sports too.

Kyabetsu wa itamere taberu no wa mochiron, nama de tabetemo oishii desu.
Fried cabbage (of course) obviously tastes good, it tastes good when eaten raw too.

Structure 88 :

(V/N/Aい/Aな)普+ばかりか…(も)/ばかりでなく…(も). Note:Nだ、Aだな


Not only ~ but also ~
Used to mention when a thing, situation ascends from a lower degree to a higher degree.

For example:

Ano mise wa aji ga warui bakarika, tenin no taido mo hidoi.
In that restaurant, not only the food is terrible, the staff’s attitude is also atrocious.

Watashi wa kanji bakarika, hiragana mo kakemasen.
I can’t write not only Kanji, but also Hiragana.

Structure 89 :



Compared to A, B is ~
Used to mention B by comparing with A.

For example:

Shiken no mondai wa sakunen ni kurabete yasashikunakatta.
This year’s exam is not as easy compared to last year’s one.

Mise ni kau no ni kurabe, tsuushinhanbai wa benrida ga, ketten mo aru.
Buying online (on the internet, by phone..) is convenient compared to buying in stores, but it has a disadvantage too.

Structure 90 :



To N,
Used to direct at/ to that situation, in response to that situation, followed by an expression show an effect on it such as a behaviour, an attitude directed at/ to N.

For example:

Tanaka sensei wa, seito ni taishite kibishii.
Teacher Tanaka is really strict with students.

Majime na chounan ni taishite, jinan wa asonde bakari de gakkou mo yoku yasumu.
Completely opposite to the oldest son, the second son plays all day and often skip class.

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 18. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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