JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 16

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 16JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 16

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 16. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 76 :

(V/N/Aい/Aな)普+ということだ
Note: Nだ

Explanation:

Heard that ~
Used to say what you’ve heard.

For example:

田中さんから電話があって、少し遅れるということです。
Tanaka-san kara denwa ga atte, sukoshi okureru to iu koto desu.
There is a phone call from Tanaka, He said he would be a little late.

試験の結果は70%、つまり合格ということです。
Shiken no kekka wa 70%, tsumari goukaku to iu koto desu.
If the test result was 70%, it means you pass.

Structure 77 :

Vる/Vない+ことだ

Explanation:

Must/ Must not do V
That’s the best way (an indirect warning, order).

For example:

暖かくして、ゆっくり休むことだ。
Atatakaku shite, yukkuri yasumu kotoda.
(you need to) Keep warm (turn on the heater) and relax.

無理をしないことです。
Muri o shinai koto desu.
Don’t try too hard.

Structure 78 :

(どんなに/どれだけ/どれほど)+
(Aい/Aかった/Aな/Aだった/Vる/Vた)+ことか

Explanation:

Don’t know ~ how much
Used to describe infinitely large amounts and quantity.

For example:

合格できたら、どんなにうれしいことか。
Goukaku dekitara, donna ni ureshii kotoka.
If I pass the exam, don’t know how happy I will be.

何度注意したことか。
Nando chuui shita kotoka.
How many times I have warned you? (warned many times)

Structure 79 :

((N/Aな)普/Aかった/Vた)+っけ

Explanation:

Seems like ~, Is is true that ~ ?
To confirm things you don’t remember clearly (when talking to yourself).
Mostly used when speaking.
It’s also OK to use[でしたっけ/ますっけ].

For example:

国へ帰るのは来週だったっけ?
Kuni e kaeru no wa raishuu dattakke.
Is this true that will you return to the country next week?

明日のパーティーのこと、話し(まし)たっけ?
Ashita no paatii no koto, hanashitakke.
About the party tomorrow, have I told you before?

Structure 80:

Vる+しかない

Explanation:

There is only one way left ~/ there is no other way ~

For example:

できるまで、やるしかない。
Dekiru made, yaru shika nai.
There is no other way than trying our best.

直せないから、新しいのを買うしかなかった。
Naosenai kara, atarashii no o kau shika nakatta.
Can’t fix this, there is only one way left that is to buy a new one.

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 16. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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