JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 9

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 9JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 9

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 9. Hi everyone! In this article, LearnJapanesedaily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 41 :

VてもAいくてもAな/N+でも

Explanation:

Even though ~
To show an inversion in conditional sentences. Even if X happens, it still doesn’t affect the result of Y.

For example:

調べても分からなかったので先生に聞いた。
Shirabetemo wakaranakatta node, sensei ni kiita.
Even if I research, I still won’t get it so I ask the teacher.

必要なので、高くても買います。
Hitsuyou na node, takakutemo kaimasu.
Because it’s necessary, even though it’s expensive, I still buy it anyways.

「すみません、黒は売り切れました。」
Sumimasen, kuro wa urikiremashita.
Sorry, the black ones are all sold out.
「黒じゃなくてもかまいませんよ。」
Kuro janakutemo kamaimasen yo.
It’s ok, it doesn’t have to be black.

Structure 42 :

(どんなに/いくら)+Vても/Aいくても/Nなでも/Nでも

Explanation:

No matter what/ Even though ~ still ~

For example:

ギターを習い始めたが、どんなに練習しても全然うまくならない。
Gitaa o narai hajimeta ga, donna ni renshuu shitemo zenzen umaku naranai.
I have started to learn guitar but no matter how much I practise, I still can’t get any better.

私はいくらお酒を飲んでも顔色が変わらない。
Watashi wa ikura osake o nondemo kaoiro ga kawaranai.
No matter how much alcohol I consume, it still won’t affect my appearance.

Structure 43:

Vない+ずに
する→せずに

Explanation:

Not doing V but doing ~/ In stead of V ~
Used in idiomatic writing, equal to Vないで

For example:

辞書を使わずに書いたので、自信がありません。
Jisho o tsukawazu ni kaita node, jishin ga arimasen.
I wrote this without using the dictionary, so I’m not confident.

昨夜、歯を磨かずに寝てしまった。
Yuube, ha o migakazu ni nete shimatta.
Last night I went to bed without brushing my teeth.

Structure 44 :

Nと+して/しても/しては/してのN

Explanation:

On the behalf of N/ in the name of N/ as N.
Used after the noun to show the right, position, class or title…

For example:

彼は外国人だが、日本代表として試合に出る。
Kare wa gaikokujin da ga, nihondaihyou to shite shiai ni deru.
He is a foreigner but takes part in the contest as a representative from Japan.

彼女は女性としても女優としても最高だが、妻としてはどうだろう。
Kanojo wa josei to shitemo joyuu to shitemo saikou da ga, tsuma to shite wa doudarou.
She, as a girl or an actress is also amazing, wonder how she would be as a wife.

Structure 45 :

(V/N/Aい/Aな)普+にしては注意:Aだ、Nだそれにしては

Explanation:

~ Despite/ though ~
Followed by a completely contradictory outcome that people have already predicted, if based on that.

For example:

外国人にしては日本語が上手だ。
Gaikokujin ni shite wa nihongo ga jouzu da.
Despite being a foreigner, (his/her) Japanese is really good.

初めにしては、よくできました。
Hajimeni shite wa, yoku dekimashita.
Despite being the first time, it was actually good.

洗ったの?それにしてはきれいじゃないね。
Aratta no? Sore ni shite wa kirei janai ne.
It’s already washed? Still not so clean, though.

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 9. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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