JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 12

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 12JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 12

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 12. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 56 :

(Vる/Vた/Nの)+とおりNどおり

Explanation:

Just like, exactly like ~

For example:

私が思ったとおり、彼女はもう帰りました。
Watashi ga omotta toori, kanojo wa mou kaerimashita.
Just as I thought, she has already left.

料理の本のとおりに作った。
Ryouri no hon no toori ni tsukutta.
I cooked according to the cookbook. 

見たとおりに絵を描いた。
Mita toori ni e wo kaita.
I drew what I saw.

Structure 57:

Vた/Vない+まま
(N/Aい/Aな)普+まま
Note:Aだな、Nだの

Explanation:

Just keep it like that, just like that.
To keep doing that and not doing something else.

For example:

昨夜、電気をつけたまま寝ました。
Yuube, denki wo tsuketa mama nemashita.
Last night, I left the lights on and went to sleep.

今朝、パジャマを着たまま出かけた。
Kesa, pajama wo kita mama dekaketa.
This morning, I went out in my pajamas.

Structure 58 :

Vます+っぱなし

Explanation:

Just leave V like that.
Used to criticize, should have done something in stead of leaving it like that.

For example:

部屋を散らかしっぱなしにしてはいけません。
Heya o chirakashippanashi ni shite wa ikemasen.
Don’t leave the room in a mess.

一日中エアコンをつけっぱなしにしないでください。
Ichinichijuu eakon wo tsukeppanashi ni shinaide kudasai.
Don’t leave the air conditioner on all day.

Structure 59 :

N+きり/きりだ/っきり/っきりだ

Explanation:

To address N
To limit to only N, equal to だけ

For example:

君と二人きりになりたいです。
Kimi to futarikiri ni naritai desu.
I want to be alone with you.

今は5人きり残っていない。
Ima wa 5-nin kiri nokotte inai.
There are only 5 people left now.

Structure 60 :

(Aい/Aな/Vたい)+がる/がって/がらないで

Explanation:

To express a wish, thought, feeling (not used for first-person point of view)
Auxiliary が→を

For example:

彼はお化けを怖がる。
Kare wa obake wo kowagaru.
He is afraid of ghosts.

あの子が遊びに行きたがっています。
Ano ko ga asobi ni ikita gatte imasu.
That child wants to go out.

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 12. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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