JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 12

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 12JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 12

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 12. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 56 :

(Vる/Vた/Nの)+とおりNどおり

Explanation:

Just like, exactly like ~

For example:

友達が書いてくれた地図のとおりに来たが、街に迷った。
Tomodachi ga kaite kureta chizu no toori ni kita ga, machi ni mayotta.
I came here following exactly the map my friend drew, but got lost.

雪が降ってきた。予報どおりだ。
Yuki ga futte kita, yohou doori da.
The snow has fallen, just like the weather forecast said.

先生が言ったとおり、試験が難しかった。
Sensei ga itta toori, shiken ga muzukashikatta.
Just like the teacher said, the exam is hard.

Structure 57:

Vた/Vない+まま
(N/Aい/Aな)普+まま
Note:Aだな、Nだの

Explanation:

Just keep it like that, just like that.
To keep doing that and not doing something else.

For example:

昨夜は、テレビをつけたまま寝てしまった。
Yuube wa, terebi o tsuketa mama nete shimatta.
Yesterday I left the TV on and went to sleep.

この野菜は生のままで食べておいしいですよ。
Kono yasai wa nama no mama de tabete oishii desu yo.
Just keep the vegetable raw, it also tastes good.

Structure 58 :

Vます+っぱなし

Explanation:

Just leave V like that.
Used to criticize, should have done something in stead of leaving it like that.

For example:

窓を開けっぱなしで出てきた。
Mado o akeppanashi de dete kita.
I just left the window open like that and went out.

水を出しっぱなしにしないでください。
Mizu o dashippanashi ni shinaide kudasai.
Don’t just let the water running like that.

Structure 59 :

N+きり/きりだ/っきり/っきりだ

Explanation:

To address N
To limit to only N, equal to だけ

For example:

二人(っ)きりで話したいです。
Futari kiri de hanashitai desu.
I want to talk, just the two of us.

彼に会ったのは一回きりです。
Kare ni atta no wa ikkai kiri desu.
I have met him just once.

Structure 60 :

(Aい/Aな/Vたい)+がる/がって/がらないで

Explanation:

To express a wish, thought, feeling (not used for first-person point of view)
Auxiliary が→を

For example:

怖がらないでください。
Kowagaranaide kudasai.
Don’t be afraid.

はずかしがらないで、前に出てきてください。
Hazukashigaranaide, mae ni dete kite kudasai.
Don’t be shy, step forward.

田中さんがあなたに会いたがっていますよ。
Tanaka-san ga anata ni aita gatte imasu yo.
Takana wants to see you.

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 12. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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