JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 21

JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 21
JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 21

JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 21. Hi everyone! In this article, LearnJapanesedaily will introduce to you the JLPT N2 Grammar. Each lesson will consist of about 5 structures for you to learn step by step and have more time to practise.

Structure 101:

V(minus ます)/ Vれ + そうにない/そうもない

Explanation:

Don’t think that/ Doesn’t sound like.

For example:

私たちはあのチームに勝てそうにない。
Watashitachi wa ano chiimu ni kate souninai.
It doesn’t look like we will be able to beat that team.

私は最近忙しくて、旅行に行けそうにない。
Watashi wa saikin isogashikute, ryokou ni ike souninai.
I’ve been busy lately, so it doesn’t look like I’ll be able to go on a trip.

Structure 102:

Nに/ Vるに + 際して/際し/際してのN

Explanation:

At the moment (that), when.

For example:

授業に際しては、携帯電話を使わないでください。
Jugyou ni saishite wa, keitaidenwa wo tsukawanaide kudasai.
Do not use cell phones during class.

お申し込みに際しては、以下の条件をご確認ください。 
Omoushikomi ni saishite wa, ika no jouken wo gokakunin kudasai.
Please check the following conditions when applying.

Structure 103:

Nに 基づいて/基づき/基づくN/基づいたN

Explanation:

Based on, according to ~

For example:

この映画は実際にあった話に基づいて作られた。
Kono eiga wa jissai ni atta hanashi ni motodzuite tsukurareta.
This movie was made based on a story that actually happened.

これは法律に基づいて決められた。
Kore wa houritsu ni motodzuite kimerareta.
This was decided according to the law.

長年の経験に基づき新入社員を教育する。
Naganen no keiken ni motodzuki shinnyuu shain wo kyouiku suru.
Based on many years of experience, I will be able to train new employees.

Structure 104:

Nに 応じて/応じ/応じたN

Explanation:

According to ~/ Suitable for.

For example:

お好みに応じて部屋を選ぶ。
Okonomi ni oujite heya wo erabu.
Choose a room as you like.

このレストランは季節に応じてメニューが変わる。
Kono resutoran wa kisetsu ni oujite menyuu ga kawaru.
The menu of this restaurant changes according to the season.

Structure 105:

Nの 下で/下/下に

Explanation:

Under ~

For example:

子供たちが青空の下で元気に遊んでいる。
Kodomo tachi ga aozora no moto de genki ni asonde iru.
The kids are playing happily under the blue sky.

木村先輩の指導の下で、会議の資料を作りました。
Kimura-senpai no shidou no moto de, kaigi no shiryou wo tsukurimashita.
I prepared documents for the meeting under the guidance of Senior Kimura.

私は厳しい社長の下で働いている。 
Watashi wa kibishii shachou no moto de hataraite iru.
I’m working under a strict manager.

Above are the JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 21. Remember to read carefully and make up your own examples to memorize better.

If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to comment below!

Check out other JLPT N2 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N2 Grammar

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