JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 21

JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 21
JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 21

JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 21. Hi everyone! In this article, LearnJapanesedaily will introduce to you the JLPT N2 Grammar. Each lesson will consist of about 5 structures for you to learn step by step and have more time to practise.

Structure 101:

V(minus ます)/ Vれ + そうにない/そうもない

Explanation:

Don’t think that/ Doesn’t sound like.

For example:

最近仕事がすごく忙しくて、同窓会に行けそうにないよ。
Saikin shigoto ga sugoku isogashikute, dousoukai ni ike sou ni nai yo.
Lately I’ve been busy so I think I can’t make it to the reunion party.

できそうもないことを、できると言ってしまって後悔している。
Deki sou mo nai koto o, dekiru to itte shimatte koukai shite iru.
I regret a lot that I said I could do something unlikely to be done.

Structure 102:

Nに/ Vるに + 際して/際し/際してのN

Explanation:

At the moment (that), when.

For example:

お申し込みに際しては、写真が必要となります。
Omoushikomi ni saishite wa, shashin ga hitsuyou to narimasu.
When signing up, photos are required.

A氏は日本を訪問するに際し、喜びを語った。
A-shi wa nihon o houmon suru ni saishi, yorokobi o katatta.
When Mr. A visited Japan, I had talked about my pleasure.

Structure 103:

Nに 基づいて/基づき/基づくN/基づいたN

Explanation:

Based on, according to ~

For example:

この工事は市の計画に基づいて進められます。
Kono kouji wa shi no keikaku ni motodzuite susumeraremasu.
This construction will be carried out according to the city’s plan.

長年の経験に基づき新入社員を教育する。
Naganen no keiken ni motodzuki shinnyuu shain o kyouiku suru.
Based on many years of experience, I will be able to train new employees.

Structure 104:

Nに 応じて/応じ/応じたN

Explanation:

According to ~/ Suitable for.

For example:

ソフトは、必要に応じてダウンロードしてください。
Sofuto wa, hitsuyou ni oujite daunroodo shite kudasai.
Download a software if needed.

テスト結果に基づき、能力に応じたクラスに分けられます。
Tesuto kekka ni motodzuki, nouryoku ni oujita kurasu ni wakeraremasu.
Based on the test results, you can divide the class into groups according to the ability.

Structure 105:

Nの 下で/下/下に

Explanation:

Under ~

For example:

子供たちが青空の下で元気に遊んでいる。
Kodomo tachi ga aozora no shita de genki ni asonde iru.
The kids are playing happily under the blue sky.

田中先生のご指導の下、研究論文を書いています。
Tanaka sensei  no goshidou no shita, kenkyuu ronbun o kaite imasu.
Under Teacher Tanaka’s conduct, I’m writing my research essay.

Above are the JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 21. Remember to read carefully and make up your own examples to memorize better.

If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to comment below!

Check out other JLPT N2 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N2 Grammar

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