JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 1

JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 1JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 1

JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 1. Hi everyone! After finishing JLPT N5 Grammar, in this article, LearnJapanesedaily will introduce to you the JLPT N4 Grammar. Each lesson will consist of about 5 structures for you to learn step by step and have more time to practise.

Grammar structure number 1 :

~ なら~

Formation :

N+なら

Expalaination :

if, about ~

used to indicate range or things mentioned earlier

Example and meaning :

1.東京(とうきょう)なら行(い)きたくなくて、沖縄(おきなわ)なら行(い)ってみたい。

If it’s Tokyo then I don’t want to go, but I want to go to Okinawa.

2.あいつの能力(のうりょく)ならこれまではいいです。

About his abilities, they are good.

Grammar structure number 2 :

~ ば~

Formation :

Aい(removeい)+ければ
Aな(remove な) + ならば
N+ならば

Verb :

change ending from ‘u’ column to ‘e’ column, then + ば. Ex : 買う -> 買ば (う is changed to え). たべ-> たべ

Expalaination :

if ~

indicate the condition for something to happen

doesn’t express the speaker’s will or command

Example and meaning :

1.高(たか)ければ、買(か)いません。
If it’s expensive, then I won’t buy it.

2.ゆっくりは話(はな)せば、わかります。
If you talk slowly, I can understand.

Grammar structure number 3 :

~(も)~し、~し~

Formation :

Vる/Vた+し
Aい+し
Aな(remove な)/Nだ/だった+し

Expalaination :

..and..and, not only… but also…
used to express reasons for the next action.

Example and meaning :

1.このシャツ安(やす)いし、大丈夫(だいじょうぶ)だし、買(か)います。
This shirt is cheap and durable, I’ll buy it.

2.あの女(おんな)のひとはきれいだし、性格(せいかく)もいいし、大好(だいす)きです。
That woman is not only pretty but also has nice personality too, I like her.

Grammar structure number 4 :

~Vようになる

Formation :

Vる+ようになる

Expalaination :

can finally ~
used to express the change that couldn’t be done or couldn’t happen before.

Example and meaning :

1.私(わたし)はやっと手足(てあし)は自由(じゆう)に運動(うんどう)できるようになる。
I now can finally move my hands and feet freely.

2.すしをたべられるようになる。
I can finally eat Sushi.

Grammar structure number 5 :

~Vる/Vないようにする~

Formation :

Vるようにする
Vないようにする

Expalaination :

trying to…, trying not to….

Example and meaning :

1.甘(あま)いものを食(た)べないようにする。
I’m trying not to eat sweet food.

2.大(おお)きい声(こえ)で話(はな)してみんなは聞(き)こえるようにする
I’m trying to talk loudly so everyone can understand.

Above are the JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 1. Remember to read carefully and make up your own examples to memorize better.

If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to comment below!

Check out other JLPT N4 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N4 Grammar

reference source : Ngữ pháp N4

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2 thoughts on “JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 1

  • 04/11/2019 at 3:05 am
    Permalink

    Grammar Structur 2/Formation/V
    –> replace ‘u’ vowel ending with the ‘e’ vowel ending of the same row + ba? Instead of just removing ru?

    taberu –> tabereba
    hanasu –> hanaseba
    uru –> ureba
    I think it’s not that clear in your description ó_ò I’m sorry for bothering!

    Reply
    • 04/11/2019 at 9:19 am
      Permalink

      hi Steffi, i changed the formation. I hope this is easier to understand 🙂
      Thank you very much for your comment ! This helps us improve the content and other readers can see better content 🙂

      Reply

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