JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 1

JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 1JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 1

JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 1. Hi everyone! After finishing JLPT N5 Grammar, in this article, LearnJapanesedaily will introduce to you the JLPT N4 Grammar. Each lesson will consist of about 5 structures for you to learn step by step and have more time to practise.

Grammar structure number 1 :

~ なら~

Formation :


Expalaination :

if, about ~

used to indicate range or things mentioned earlier

Example and meaning :


If it’s Tokyo then I don’t want to go, but I want to go to Okinawa.


About his abilities, they are good.

Grammar structure number 2 :

~ ば~

Formation :

Aな(remove な) + ならば

Verb :

change ending from ‘u’ column to ‘e’ column, then + ば. Ex : 買う -> 買ば (う is changed to え). たべ-> たべ

Expalaination :

if ~

indicate the condition for something to happen

doesn’t express the speaker’s will or command

Example and meaning :

If it’s expensive, then I won’t buy it.

If you talk slowly, I can understand.

Grammar structure number 3 :


Formation :

Aな(remove な)/Nだ/だった+し

Expalaination :

..and..and, not only… but also…
used to express reasons for the next action.

Example and meaning :

This shirt is cheap and durable, I’ll buy it.

That woman is not only pretty but also has nice personality too, I like her.

Grammar structure number 4 :


Formation :


Expalaination :

can finally ~
used to express the change that couldn’t be done or couldn’t happen before.

Example and meaning :

I now can finally move my hands and feet freely.

I can finally eat Sushi.

Grammar structure number 5 :


Formation :


Expalaination :

trying to…, trying not to….

Example and meaning :

I’m trying not to eat sweet food.

I’m trying to talk loudly so everyone can understand.

Above are the JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 1. Remember to read carefully and make up your own examples to memorize better.

If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to comment below!

Check out other JLPT N4 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N4 Grammar

reference source : Ngữ pháp N4

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2 thoughts on “JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 1

  • 04/11/2019 at 3:05 am

    Grammar Structur 2/Formation/V
    –> replace ‘u’ vowel ending with the ‘e’ vowel ending of the same row + ba? Instead of just removing ru?

    taberu –> tabereba
    hanasu –> hanaseba
    uru –> ureba
    I think it’s not that clear in your description ó_ò I’m sorry for bothering!

    • 04/11/2019 at 9:19 am

      hi Steffi, i changed the formation. I hope this is easier to understand 🙂
      Thank you very much for your comment ! This helps us improve the content and other readers can see better content 🙂


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