JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 31

JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 31
JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 31

JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 31. Hi everyone! In this article, LearnJapanesedaily will introduce to you the JLPT N2 Grammar. Each lesson will consist of about 5 structures for you to learn step by step and have more time to practise.

Structure 151:

Nを/ Vるのを/ Vたのを + きっかけに/きっかけとして/きっかけにして/契機に/契機として

Explanation:

On the occasion of.

For example:

大学入学をきっかけに引っ越す。
Daigaku nyuugaku o kikkake ni hikkosu.
On the occasion of going to university, I moved out.

病気をきっかけに酒をやめた。
Byouki o kikkake ni sake o yameta.
At the time when I was sick, I gave up alcohol.

卒業を契機に独立する。
Sotsugyou o keiki ni dokuritsu suru.
Graduation is a good opportunity for me to be independent.

昨年の事故を契機として、安全対策が強化された。
Sakunen no jiko o keiki to shite, anzen taisaku ga kyouka sareta.
On the occasion of last year accident, the safety methods have been accelerated.

Structure 152:

Nの/ Vる+際に

Explanation:

When/ while
More formal than 時、used for a certain occasion, rarely used as negation.

For example:

受験の際に、写真が必要です。
Juken no sai ni, shashin ga hitsuyou desu.
When taking an exam, a photo is required.

申し込んだ際、住所を間違って書いてしまった。
Moushikonda sai, juusho o machigatte kaite shimatta.
When signing up, I wrote the wrong address.

Structure 153:

A(事実)。それなのに B(予想外の結果)

Explanation:

Even though ~ however

For example:

この時計は高かった。それなのにすぐに壊れた。
Kono tokei wa takakatta. Sorenanoni suguni kowareta.
Even though this watch is expensive, however it’s broken down so quickly.

一生懸命勉強している。それなのに成績はよくならない。
Isshoukenmei benkyou shite iru. Sorenanoni seiseki wa yoku naranai.
I have tried studying hard. However the result didn’t come out well.

Structure 154:

A (状況)。それでも B(結果)

Explanation:

A. But B

For example:

外は大雨だ。それでも出かけないといけない。
Soto wa ooameda. Soredemo dekakenai to ikenai.
It’s raining heavily outside, but I still have to go out.

みんなに反対されている。それでも私は彼と結婚したい。
Minna ni hantai sarete iru. Soredemo watashi wa kare to kekkon shitai.
Everyone opposes our marriage, but I still want to marry him.

Structure 155:

「A」「それなら(ば)B」

Explanation:

in that case. So (we should). A. It’s better/ Had better to B

For example:

「道がすごく渋滞しているようだよ。」「それなら、電車で行こう。」
Michiga sugoku juutai shite iru youda yo. Sorenara, densha de ikou.
This road is jammed. It’s better to take a tram.

「今、それ、やりたくない。」「それならやらなくていいよ。」
Ima, sore, yaritakunai. Sorenara yaranakute ii yo.
Right now I don’t want to do that. Had better not do it.

Above are the JLPT N2 Grammar lesson 31. Remember to read carefully and make up your own examples to memorize better.

If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to comment below!

Check out other JLPT N2 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N2 Grammar

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