JLPT N5 Grammar

JLPT N5 Grammar – lesson 4

JLPT N5 Grammar

JLPT N5 Grammar lesson 4. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce to you the JLPT N5 Grammar. Each lesson will consist of about 5 structures for you to learn step by step and have more time to practise.

Grammar structure 16 :

~ている

Formation :

~Vて + いる

Explanation :

– Used to describe :

an action that is taking place.
a situation.
a habit.
an occupation.

Examples and examples’ meaning :

1.結婚(けっこん)している。
I’m married.

2.バドミントンをしている。
I’m playing badminton.

Grammar structure 17 :

~てから~

Formation :

~Vて + から~

Explanation :

After….
Used to describe a series of actions happen in order of time. Action 2 only happens when action 1 finishes.

Examples and examples’ meaning :

1.歯(は)を磨(みが)いてから、顔(かお)を洗(あら)う。
After brushing my teeth, I washed my face.

2.掃除(そうじ)をしてから、遊(あそ)びに行(い)く
After cleaning up, I went out.

Grammar structure 18 :

~てください

Formation :

Vます(minus ます)+てください

Explanation :

Do something.

Examples and examples’ meaning :

1.寝(ね)てください。
Go to sleep.

2.教(おし)えてください
Tell me about it.

Grammar structure 19 :

~でしょう

Formation :

V (short form) + でしょう
N +でしょう
Aな ( minus な) +でしょう
Aい+ でしょう

Explanation :

Is that true
This pattern is used to confirm, your voice is raised at the end of the sentence hoping the listener agrees with you.

Examples and examples’ meaning :

1.この仕事(しごと)大変(たいへん)でしょう。
This job is hard, isn’t it?

2.バスが遅(おく)れたんでしょう。
The bus is late, isn’t it?

Grammar structure 20 :

~てはいけません

Formation :

~Vて + はいけません

Explanation :

Do not…
Used to forbid someone from doing something.
Used to answer the question:てもいいですか
When answering, we can contract the verb, only leaveいけません.Don’t use this way of saying with superiors.

Examples and examples’ meaning :

1.ここで写真(しゃしん)を撮(と)ってはいけません。
Do not take photos here.

2.行(い)ってはいけません。
Do not go.

Above are five grammar structures of Level N5. See more structures in next pages

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