Japanese grammar dictionary

Japanese ことがある grammar kotogaaru
Japanese ことがある grammar kotogaaru

Let’s learn Japanese ことがある grammar kotogaaru :

JLPT level : N3

Formation :


Meaning and how to use :

1. Describe you used to do something in the past. It is mostly combined with Verbs, but sometime with Nouns (Combine structure: N+だった+ことがある)
Only used with the combination: Vた+ことがある
(Structure N4)
2. Means ”At some moment…”, ”sometimes, it happens…”. It’s can not be used with things that usually happen.
For example
Izen, shigoto ga isogashiku te, watashi ha zangyou o shi nakya nara naku te, ichi ni ji ni ie ni kaeru koto mo aru.
So a while ago, because of busy work, I need to do extra work, sometimes i worked until 12pm.
kare ha boku no shinyuu desu ga, tokidoki kenka suru koto mo aru.
He is my best friend, but sometimes we also quarrel.
boku ha hanashikake te mo, kanojo ha henji o shi nai koto mo aru.
Dù tôi lên tiếng bắt chuyện thì cũng có lúc cô ấy không trả lời.
nipponjin to hanashi te mo, eigo o tsukau koto ga aru.
Although I talk to Japanese, sometimes I use English to do that.
kodomo ga gankyou desu ga, naku koto mo aru.
My son is strong, but sometimes I also cries.

Note : Trợ từ ”が” cũng có thể thay bằng trợ từ ”も”

Related structures :

ことだ kotoda
ことか kotoka
ことがある kotogaaru
ということ toiukoto
ことうけあいだ kotoukeaidada, koto ukeaidada.
ことができる kotogadekiru (N4)
ことこのうえない kotokonouenai, koto konouenai

above is Japanese ことがある grammar kotogaaru. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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