Japanese grammar ことだ kotoda

Japanese grammar ことだ kotodaJapanese grammar ことだ kotoda width=

Let’s learn Japanese grammar ことだ kotoda :

JLPT level : N3

Formation :


Meaning and how to use :

1. Describe speaker’s command or desire to the listener. This structure is used in Texts. In some cases we use ”こととする”.
Only used with: Vる/Vない+こと

For example

Kono chihou ha kiken na chihou na node, haira nai koto da.
This is dangerous area, don’t go in.

tani o morai takattara, repōto o teishutsu suru koto.
If you want to gain credits, you must hand in report.

2. Describe exclamation about something, even, state. This is spoken, female’s language, but if the speaker is youth, this can be used by both male and female.

Only used with:
Aな (remove な) +だこと

For example

kono omocha ha omoshiroi koto.
This toy is so interesting.

ano ko ha hontouni kenmei na koto da.
That child is so smart.

okaasan ha shinsetsu na koto da.
Your mother is so kind.

3.Used with structure ”Xこと Y”. Means ”X who is called Y”. X is common name or nickname, Y is real, official name. used in written language.
Only used with: NことN

murakami koto haruki murakami ha nippon no kindai bungaku no ichiban yuumei na sakka desu.
Nakamura or Haruki Nakamura is the most famous author of the Japanese early modern literature.

meiji koto meijidaigaku ha nippon de ichiban konomareru daigaku da.
Meiji hay chính là đại học Meiji là đại học được yêu thích nhất Nhật Bản。

4.Describe a person, a thing and everything related to that person, thing. Is usually use to describe the object of idealogical verbs or verbs expressing sense,…
Only used with: Nの+こと

kanojo no koto, motto shiri tai desu.
I want to know more about her.

kimi no koto ga daikirai desu.
I really hate you.

Related structures :

ことだ kotoda
ことか kotoka
ことがある kotogaaru
ということ toiukoto
Japanese grammar ことうけあいだ kotoukeaida
ことができる kotogadekiru (N4)
ことこのうえない kotokonouenai, koto konouenai

above is Japanese grammar ことだ kotoda. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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