Japanese ている grammar teiru

Japanese ている grammar teiru
Japanese ている grammar teiru

Let’s learn Japanese ている grammar teiru :

Japanese ている grammar teiru

JLPT level : N5

Formation :

Vて + いる

Japanese ている grammar teiru

Meaning and how to use :

1. This is a verb form, describe an action happening at present.

For example

Watashi ha tegami o kai te iru.
I’m writing letter.

haha ha gohan o tabe te i masu.
I mom is having meal.

mina ha terebi o mi te i masu.
Everyone is watching TV.

2. Describe action happening in the past and keep going on to present.

For example

kinou no ban kara ima made kanojo ha zutto nai te iru.
She has been crying since yesterday.

musuko ha betonamu ni ryuugaku shi te iru.
My son is studying abroad in Vietnam.

daigaku o go nen mo tootte iru no ni mada sotsugyou deki nai.
I has been study for 5 year in university, but I can not graduate.

Japanese ている grammar teiru

3. Describe a result of an action in the past and it’s remains and keeps going at present.

For example

ima ha hima yasumi na node, jugyou ga owatte iru.
This is noon break, so all the class have stopped.

yokohama ni sun de i masu.
I have lived in Yokohama.

4. Describe the repetition of an action.

For example

chichi ha maiasa keizai shinbun o yon de iru.
My dad reads economic newspaper every morning.

kare ha itsumo kono resutoran de hiru gohan o tabe te i masu.
He always eat in this restaurant.

5. Describe an unchange state.

For example

dare demo watashi to chichi ga yoku ni te iru to iu.
Everybody says that I and my father look alike.

kono michi ha uneune shi te iru.
This road is zigzagging.

Japanese ている grammar teiru

6.Describe an experience. It’s used to recall something in the past and is said to be related to now time.

For example

sekai undou taikai ni sanka shi te iru ga, kekkyoku ha make ta.
I have ever taken part in olympic, but finally I lost.

ajia no naka de ryokou shi te iru.
I have ever travel around asia.

Note: In spoken language we tend to remove “い” to say “~てた”, “~てる”.
In the 5th usage, this structure is in “Vた” form, not “Vている” form, when combining with verbs. The sentence will be more natural.

Related structures :

ていない teinai
をしている woshiteiru
ている teiru

Ref : tuhoconline

above is Japanese ている grammar teiru. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

Stay with us on :
Facebook - Twitter - Pinterest - Reddit

Leave a Reply

error: Alert: Content is protected !!