Japanese この／その／あの grammar kono/ sono/ ano
Let’s learn Japanese この／その／あの grammar kono/ sono/ ano :
JLPT level : N5
Meaning and how to use :
This is words that combine with noun to modify an show it’s position.
+)この is used to indicate position of noun that is near the speaker or right at the speaker’s position, but is far the listener.
+) そのis used to indicate position of noun that is near the listener or right at the listener’s position, but is far the speaker.
+) あのis used to indicate position of noun that is far away from both speaker and listener.
Kono nōto ha dare no desu ka.
Whose is this notebook?
ano hito ha anata no o niisan desu ka.
Is that man your brother?
kurasu de ichiban takai hito ha sono ko desu.
The tallest person in the class is that child.
ano jisho ha kinou kai mashi ta yo.
That dictionary is the one I bought yesterday.
kono yuumei na sakka ha haruki mura jou desu.
This famous author is Haruki Murakami.
1, In case the speaker and the listener stand in the same position or near each other:
+) “この” indicates the place near by the 2 people,
+) “その” indicates an a bit farther position.
+) “あの” indicates an absolute farther position.
2, if adjective is used (liked in laste example), it will be put right before noun.
Related structures :
above is Japanese この／その／あの grammar kono/ sono/ ano. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.
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