Compare ばかり bakari and だらけ darake

Compare ばかり bakari and だらけ darake

Hi everyone! Suppose there is a situation like this: You enter a room filled with dirt, which expression will you choose to express that idea,(ほこり)ばかり or だらけ? To help you understand the usage of ばかり and だらけ better, in this post, Learn Japanese Daily will introduce to you the lesson: Compare ばかり bakari and だらけ darake.

Compare ばかり bakari and だらけ darake


Both grammar structures mean “all is… (indicate large quantity of something)”.

Both structures are used with nouns.


ばかり bakari

ばかり means “only, nothing but”. Used in both both positive and negative cases (depending on the noun).

Example :

Kondo no shoppingu ha hon bakari katta.
I bought only books this time. (I bought more books than anything else this time).

Tanaka san ha kono aida misu bakari suru ne. doushita no?
Recently, Mr. Tanaka only makes mistakes. What’s wrong?

A : “Nande ichinichi ge-mu bakari shite iru no? Soto mo dekake nasai yo.”
B : “Hai, hai.”
A : “Why do you play games all day? Go outside.”
B : “Yes, yes.”

だらけ darake

だらけ means “full of “. It is rarely used in positive cases.

Example :

Omae no heya ha gomi darake da. Hayaku kataduke nasai yo.
Your room is full of garbage. Clean up quickly. (“Garbage” is a negative noun)

Ano ko no kaban ha yogore darake da.
That kid’s bag is full of dirt.

Hannin no fuku ha higaisha no chi darake da.
The criminal’s clothes are full of the victim’s blood.

Note: In the form Nばかり, N can be a noun or a verb. When N is a verb, this structure expresses the meaning “just doing N”. On the other hand, Nだらけ is only used with nouns.

Exercise for consolidating knowledge :

Choose the correct answer


Right answer
泥だらけの足は家に入らないでください。 : Don’t come inside if your feet are full of mud. (“Mud” is  a negative noun) [/spoiler]


Right answer
父はお酒ばかり飲んでいて、健康を崩した。: My father drinks alcohol all the time and this ruined his health. (My father drinks too much alcohol) [/spoiler]


Right answer
私は欠点だらけの人間だ。 : I’m a person who is full of faults. (“Faults” is a negative noun)[/spoiler]


Right answer
テレビ番組ばかり見ないで、宿題をしなさい。  : Don’t just watch TV, do your homework (to watch TV all the time).[/spoiler]


Right answer
石田さんの論文は間違いだらけなので、減点になりました。: Ishida’s essay was full of mistakes, so his grade was lowered (“Mistake” is a negative noun) [/spoiler]

由紀ちゃんは太っているからダイエットしていると言ったのに、甘い物 (ばかり・だらけ)食べています。

Right answer
由紀ちゃんは太っているからダイエットしていると言ったのに、甘い物ばかり食べています。 : Yuki said that she was on a diet because she was fat, but she eats sweets all the time (Yuki eats a lot of sweets) [/spoiler]

In this post, Learn Japanese Daily has helped you compare ばかり bakari and だらけ darake.

See other similar lessons at category: Japanese grammar dictionary

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