Japanese grammar 間に aidani, aida ni

Japanese grammar 間に aidani, aida niJapanese grammar 間に aidani, aida ni width=

Let’s learn Japanese grammar 間に aidani, aida ni :

JLPT level : N3, N4

Formation :

Nの+間に (Infinitive verb + 間に)
Vている (Continuos verb + 間に)
Vない (Verb in negative form + 間に)
Aい/Aな (Adj ending in い + 間に, Adj ending in なkeep なand いintact)

Meaning and how to use :

1. 間に:Describe a situation which is going on, then an action or event happens

For example :

お母さんが昼寝をしている間に、子供たちが遊びに出かけた。
Okaasan ga hirune o shi te iru ma ni, kodomo tachi ga asobi ni dekake ta.
When my mother was sleeping, the children went out (for playing).

夏休みの間に、プールに行きました
natsuyasumi no ma ni, pūru ni iki mashi ta
On summer vacation, I went swimming

私が旅行の間に、庭に草がたくさん生えてしまった。
watashi ga ryokou no ma ni, niwa ni kusa ga takusan hae te shimatta.
Weed spred over the garden when I was travelling

日本にいる間に、富士山を一度登りたい。
nippon ni iru ma ni, fujisan o ichido nobori tai.
while being in Japan, I want to climb mount Fuji once

国で勉強してる間に、アメリカに行きたいです。
kuni de benkyou shiteru ma ni, amerika ni iki tai desu.
I want to go to the US while studying in home country

Note :
間に:Express an event that is maintained in a short and temporal time.

Related structures :

間 aida

above is Japanese grammar 間に aidani, aida ni. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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