Japanese grammar とたんに totanni

Japanese grammar とたんに totanni

Let’s learn Japanese grammar とたんに totanni :

JLPT level : N3

Formation :

Vた+とたんに

Meaning and how to use :

1. Describe the meaning that an action happens, then another also happens immediately. The second action implies the unpredictability.

For example

窓を開けたとたんに、黒い昆虫が飛び入った。
Mado o ake ta totan ni, kuroi konchuu ga tobihaitta.
As soon as I opened the window, a black insect flew in.

家を出たとたんに、友達が来た。
ie o de ta totan ni, tomodachi ga ki ta.
My friends came as soon as I went out.

有名な俳優が登場したとたんに、会場がにぎやかになった。
yuumei na haiyuu ga toujou shi ta totan ni, kaijou ga nigiyaka ni natta.
As soon as the famous actor appears, the whole halls begin to shout.

2. Describe an event happening unpredictable, suddenly, immediately event.
Only used with: とたんに

For example

天気がさむくないのにとたんに雪が降る。
tenki ga samuku nai noni totanni yuki ga furu.
The weather is not so cold but it suddenly snows.

子どもはとたんに泣いてしまった。
kodomo ha totanni nai te shimatta.
The children suddenly cry.

「どうして君はとたんにそんなひどいことを言ったのよ?」
‘doushite kimi ha totanni sonna hidoi koto o itta no yo?’
“Why do you suddenly say that things?”

3. Phrase “そのとたん(に)” describe “at that moment”, “fight after that”

For example

山田さんを呼びかけた。そのとたんにどこから彼は私の後ろに出た。
yamada san o yobikake ta. Sono totan ni doko kara kare ha watashi no ushiro ni de ta.
I called Yamada, immediately he appeared from my back.

クラスに入りました。そのとたんに、皆は「お誕生日おめでとう」って叫んだ。びっくりさせました。
kurasu ni hairi mashi ta. Sono totan ni, mina ha ‘o tanjou bi omedetou’ tte saken da. Bikkuri sase mashi ta.
I came into class, then everybody shouted “Happy birthday!” makes me startled.

Note:
+In the first usage we can remove “に” but we can’t in the second usage.
+ In the first usage, this structure can not be used to express speaker’s intent . If we want to we can use “とすぐに” and “やいなや”,..

Related structures :

above is Japanese grammar とたんに totanni. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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