Japanese grammar かぎり(限り、kagiri) kagiri

Japanese grammar かぎり(限り、kagiri) kagiriJapanese grammar かぎり(限り、kagiri) kagiri width=

Let’s learn Japanese grammar かぎり(限り、kagiri) kagiri :

JLPT level : N2

Formation :

Nかぎり
Nのかぎり
Vるかぎり
Vている/Vた/Vる+かぎり

Meaning and how to use :

1. Expresses the meaning of “limit of time and space”, often translated as “times”.
How to use: Nかぎり

Examples:

今年限りで就職するつもりなので、みんな私のことを心配しないで。
Kotoshi kagiri de shuushoku suru tsumori na node, minna watashi no koto o shinpai shi nai de.
I’ll only be looking for jobs this year so please don’t be worried about me.

許してもらえるのは一回限りですよ。
Yurushi te moraeru no ha ichi kai kagiri desu yo.
You can only be forgiven once.

2. Expresses the maximum limitation of an object, event.. Often translated as “as much as possible”. In cases where it is combined with verbs, probability verbs should be used.
How to use:
Nのかぎり
Vるかぎり

Examples:

悔恨しないように実力の限りを発揮しよう。
Kaikon shi nai you ni jitsuryoku no kagiri o hakki shiyo u.
Let’s do at your best potential so that you won’t feel any regret.

地震が起こると言う予報があるそうなので、住民たちは食料や飲み物の限りを持って災難に行きました。
Because there was a forecast about an earthquake coming, people have been collecting foods and liquids as much as possible.

3. Expresses the meaning “according to..”. Often used with verbs indicating senses like see, hear, research,.. to judge.
How to use: Vている/Vた/Vる+かぎり

Examples:

俺が知っている限り、山田さんはそんなに卑怯な人じゃない。
Ore ga shitte iru kagiri, yamada san ha sonnani hikyou na hito ja nai.
According to my knowledge, Mr. Yamada isn’t a coward person.

私は見た限りは、あの人はいいチャンスを断った。
Watashi ha mi ta kagiri ha, ano hito ha ii chansu o kotowatta.
In my opinion, he refused a good opportunity.

4. Expresses the meaning “as long as in that condition..”. The latter clause expresses the emotions gotten from the previous clause. Implying if the condition changes, the state/emotion changes as well.
How to use:Vている/Vた/Vる+かぎり

Examples:

君が生意気な態度を取っている限り、君の需要は無理です。
Kimi ga namaiki na taido o totte iru kagiri, kimi no juyou ha muri desu.
As long as you are cocky, your demand is impossible.

新しい言葉を覚える限り、この問題が解けるだろう。
Atarashii kotoba o oboeru kagiri, kono mondai ga tokeru daro u.
As long as I remember the new words, I can solve this problem.

Note: In the meaning/how to use 3, it can also be said as かぎりで、かぎりでは

Related structures :

かぎりがある kagirigaaru
かぎりなく…にちかい kagirinaku…nichikai
かぎり kagiri
ないかぎり naikagiri

above is Japanese grammar かぎり(限り、kagiri) kagiri. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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