Japanese ことなしに grammar kotonashini

Japanese ことなしに grammar kotonashini
Japanese ことなしに grammar kotonashini

Japanese ことなしに grammar kotonashini :

JLPT level : N1

Formation :


Meaning and how to use :

Expresses the meaning “If ignore the previous clause, the latter clause can’t be done/ The latter clause is not possible if the former clause is not done.” Often translated as “without.. , I couldn’t/wouldn’t..”.


Nan do mo shippai suru koto nashi ni seikou ha ari mase n.
Without many failures, there will be no success.

Kanojo ga iru koto nashi ni ichi nichi mo shiawase ni sugose nai daro u.
Without her, I can’t live happily for even one day.

Kare ga tasukeru koto nashi ni watashi ha repōto ga kanzen ni deki nai.
Without his help, I couldn’t have done the report.

Arubaito o suru koto nashi ni kichou na keiken ga erare nai.
Without having part-time jobs, I couldn’t have had these valuable experiences.

Mukashi chanto gaikoku o benkyou suru koto nashi ni ima, ii shigoto ga mitsukerare nai daro u.
If I didn’t learn foreign languages carefully, I wouldn’t have been able to find good job now.

This structure is modern and more recently used.

Related structures :

above is Japanese ことなしに grammar kotonashini. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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