Japanese ないで grammar naide

Japanese ないで grammar naideJapanese ないで grammar naide width=

Let’s learn Japanese ないで grammar naide :

Formation :

Vないで

Meaning and how to use :

Expresses the meaning “to do something without V”.
For example

端を使わないでご飯を食べます。
ha wo tsukawa nai de gohan wo tabe masu
I have a meal without using the chopsticks.

かさを持たないで出かけます。
kasa wo mota nai de dekake masu
I go out without an umbrella.

窓を閉めないで家を出ました。
mado wo shime nai de uchi wo de mashi ta
I went outside without closing the window.

お金を持たないで買い物に行きました。
okane wo mota nai de kaimono ni iki mashi ta
I went shopping without bringing cash.

ノートを持たないで学校に行ってしまった。
noto wo mota nai de gakkou ni itu te shimatu ta
I went to school without bringing my notebook.

Note: We can use「…ずに」when writing.  It can’t be replaced with「…なくて」.

Related structures :

Above is the Japanese grammar ないで. If you don’t understand the signs we used in formation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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