Japanese ごとく ごとき ごとし grammar gotoku gotoki gotoshi

Japanese ごとく ごとき ごとし grammar gotoku gotoki gotoshi
Japanese ごとく ごとき ごとし grammar gotoku gotoki gotoshi

Let’s learn Japanese ごとく ごとき ごとし grammar gotoku gotoki gotoshi :

JLPT level : N1

Formation :

N+のごとき+N
N+ごとく+V/Aな/clause
N+のごとし

Meaning and how to use :

Expresses the meaning “like/as.. but in fact, is not”. This structure is mostly used in comparison.

Exampels:

彼女は輝いている陽光のごとき笑いをする。
Kanojo ha kagayai te iru youkou no gotoki warai o suru.
Her laugh is like sunshine.

あの選手のごときプロな人に勝つなんてできないよ。
Ano senshu no gotoki puro na hito ni katsu nante deki nai yo.
It’s impossible to win against an professional player like him.

彼女は大水ごとく泣いている。
Kanojo ha oomizu gotoku nai te iru.
She cried a river.

あの人は強く吹いている風邪のごとく早く話しているんだ。
Ano hito ha tsuyoku fui te iru kaze no gotoku hayaku hanashi te iru n da.
That person talks as fast as the wind.

起こった事は夢のごとし。
Okotta koto ha yume no gotoshi.
All those things happened like a dream.

Note:
+) Mostly used in literature, quite outdated and not used much nowadays.
+) If 「の」 in 「Nのごとき 」 is removed, the structure means “take N lightly, despise N”. But if N is 私 it has a modest, humble tone.

Above is Japanese grammar ごとく/ ごとき / ごとし gotoku gotoki gotoshi. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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