use the auxiliary verb か in Japanese

Use the auxiliary verb か in Japaneseuse the auxiliary verb か in Japanese

Use the auxiliary verb か in Japanese. Hi everyone! In this series of articles, LearnJapanesedaily will introduce to you the auxiliary verbs in Japanese and their usages.

Use the auxiliary verb も in Japanese

  1. Used in interrogative sentences

    山田さんは学生ですか
    Yamadasan ha gakusei desuka
    Is Yamada a student?

2.Used in interrogative sentences to suggest something unexpected

そんなことがあるものですか。
sonna koto ga aru mono desuka.
Do things like that even happen?

3. Used to offer a suggestion to ask and consult someone

紅茶で飲みに行きましょうか。
koucha demo nomi ni ikimashou ka.
Let’s go out for some tea?

今日は暑くありませんか。
kyou ha atsuku arimasen ka.
Isn’t it hot to day?

4. Used to show annoyance towards others

宿題をわすれてきてはだめじゃないですか。
shukudai wo wasurete kite ha janai desuka.
Is it ok to forget your homework?

5. Used when making up your mind

まだ食べるかどうか分かりません。
mada taberu ka douka wakarimasen.
I still don’t know if I should eat.

6. Used when you’re unsure

年のためか、よく病気にかかります。
toshi no tame ka, yoku byouki ni kakarimasu.
Is that because of oldage that people get sick?

7. Used in interrogative sentences when you’re confused.

なぜか、涙があふれてきて、仕方がありませんでした。
nazeka, namida ga afuretekite, shikata ga arimasendeshita.
Why are you crying like that? I can’t do anything.

8. Used when talking to yourself

せっかく出かけてきたのに、デパートは休みか。
せっかくでかけてきたのに、デパートはやすみか。
I have gone all the way to the grocery store and now it’s closed?

9. Used to describe a routine “as soon as…”

ベールが鳴るか鳴らないうちに先生は入ってきた。
ベールがなるかならないうちにせんせいははいってきた。
As soon as the bell rings, the teacher comes in.

Above are 9 ways to use the auxiliary verb か in Japanese. Checkout other articles in this series: Auxiliary verbs in Japanese

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