JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 9

JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 9

JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 9. Hi everyone! In this article, LearnJapanesedaily will introduce to you the JLPT N4 Grammar. Each lesson will consist of about 5 structures for you to learn step by step and have more time to practice.

Grammar structure number 41 :

~にくい~

Formation :

Vます (remove ます)+にくい

Explanation :

hard to do something,

にくい used like adjectives that end with い

Example and meaning :

1.その仕事(しごと)はやりにくい。
That job is very hard to do.
2.その条件(じょうけん)なら踊(おど)りにくい
It’s very hard to dance in that condition.

Grammar structure number 42 :

~によると、~そうです

Formation :

N+によると

Explanation :

According to..
used to express received information
doesn’t show the speaker’s emotion.
can replace によれば with によると and also can replace そうです with ようです/らしい

Example and meaning :

1.彼(かれ)の話(はなし)によると、あいつは結婚(けっこん)したそうです。
According to his words, he seems to be married.
2.ニュースによれば、首相(しゅしょう)はなくなったようです。
According to the news, the minister is dead.

Grammar structure number 43 :

~のに

Formation :

V(short form)+ のに

Explanation :

for something, to do something…

Example and meaning :

1.このはさみは紙(かみ)を切(き)るのに使(つか)います。
This scissor is for cutting paper.
2.この宿題(しゅくだい)を仕上(しあ)げるのに2時間(じかん)が必要(ひつよう)です。
It takes 2 hours to finish all this homework.

Grammar structure number 44 :

~ば~ほど~

Formation :

Verb remove る + ば~Vる+ほど~
Aい(remove い)+ければ~Aいほど
A(な)remove N + ならば

Explanation :

The more.. the more
express the continuous changes of 2 things, must be the same part of speech (verb/noun/adjective)

Example and meaning :

1.よく勉強べんきょうすればするほど上手じょうずになっている。
The more you study, the more brilliant you become.
2.すべてのものには高(たか)ければ高(たか)くほどいいと言(い)えません。
You can’t really say the more expensive things are the better they be.

Grammar structure number 45 :

~ばあいに~

Formation :

Vる+ばあいに
Vのばあいに

Explanation :

in case
expresses hypothetical situation

Example and meaning :

1.遅刻(ちこく)する場合(ばあい)に連絡(れんらく)してくれる。
In case of being late, contact me.
2.地震(じしん)の場合(ばあい)に机(つくえ)のしたに隠(かく)れてください。
In case of earthquakes, hide under the table.

Above are the JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 9. Remember to read carefully and make up your own examples to memorize better.

If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to comment below!

Check out other JLPT N4 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N4 Grammar

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