JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 5

JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 5JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 5

JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 5. Hi everyone! In this article, LearnJapanesedaily will introduce to you the JLPT N4 Grammar. Each lesson will consist of about 5 structures for you to learn step by step and have more time to practise.

Grammar structure number 21 :

~たら~

Formation :

Vた + ら
Aい (removeい)+かったら
Aな (removeな)+だったら

Explanation :

if, after, when
express the latter condition/action is definitely going to happen.

Example and meaning :

1.お金(かね)があったら、家(いえ)をかいます。
when I have money, I’ll buy a house.
2.家(いえ)に帰(かえ)ったら、コンビニへ行(い)く。
After I get to my house, I’ll go to the convenient store.

Grammar structure number 22 :

~つもりです

Formation :

Vる/Vない+つもりです

Explanation :

Planning to do or not to do something.

Example and meaning :

1.明日(あした)は水泳(すいえい)に行(い)くつもりです。
I’ll go swimming tomorrow.
2.相手(あいて) と会(あ)わないつもりです。
I don’t plan to see the opponent/parter.

Grammar structure number 23 :

~てあげる

Formation :

Vて+あげる

Explanation :

Do something for someone.

Example and meaning :

1. 私(わたし)は友達(ともだち)に本(ほん)を貸(か)してあげる。
I lend my friend a book.
2.花(はな)に水(みず)をやってあげる。
I water the flower.

Grammar structure number 24 :

~てある

Formation :

Vてある
V here is verb

Explanation :

Describe the status or result of an action, not emphasizing on the subject.

Example and meaning :

1.壁(かべ)には漢字(かんじ)の表(ひょう)がはってあります。

There’s a Kanji chart on the wall.

2.   部屋(へや)には新(あたら)しいたたみがしいてあります。

There’s a new tatami mat in the room.

Grammar structure number 25 :

~ていただけませんか

Formation :

Vて+いただけませんか

Explanation:

Can you… please?

Example and meaning :

1.この論文(ろんぶん)をチェックしていただけませんか。
Coulde you take a look at this essay for me please?
2.ここ)に座(すわ)っていただけませんか。
May I sit here?

Above are the JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 5. Remember to read carefully and make up your own examples to memorize better.

If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to comment below!

Check out other JLPT N4 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N4 Grammar

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