JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 12

JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 12JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 12

JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 12. Hi everyone! In this article, LearnJapanesedaily will introduce to you the JLPT N4 Grammar. Each lesson will consist of about 5 structures for you to learn step by step and have more time to practice.

Grammar structure number 56 :

~んです

Formation :

Vる/Vた+んです
Aい+んです
Aな+んです
N+な+んです

Explanation :

that’s because, because …
often used in spoken form, a formal form of んです , which is のです

Example and meaning :

1.しばらく連絡(れんらく)しないのはいそがしいんです。
Been a long time not communicating because I was too busy.
2.そんなことしてもいいのは夫(おっと)なんです。
Working like that is okay because he’s my husband.

Grammar structure number 57 :

~間(あいだ)に~

Formation :

Vている+あいだに
N+あいだに

Explanation :

while, meanwhile.
The latter action is happening at the same time as the former action.

Example and meaning :

1.赤(あか)ちゃんが寝(ね)ている間(あいだ)に掃除(そうじ)をした。

I cleaned while my baby was asleep.

2.若(わか)いころの間(あいだ)に多(おお)くのところへ行(い)きたい

I’d like to do a slot of stuff while I’m still young.

Grammar structure number 58 :

~予定

Formation :

Vる+予定
Nの予定

Explanation :

has/have a plan

Example and meaning :

1.来年(らいねん)留学(りゅうがく)する予定(よてい)がある。
I’m planning to study abroad next year.
2.市役所(しやくしょ)からその建物(たてもの)を立(た)てる計画(けいかく)の予定(よてい)があった。
There’s a constructing plan for that building from the city council.

Grammar structure number 59 :

Vさせられる passive

Formation :

V group I: line い →line あ add せられる
V group II: remove る add させられる
V group III:
する→させられる
来る→こさせられる

Explanation :

To be forced to do something.

Example and meaning :

1. 私わたしはご飯はんを食たべさせられた。
I was forced to eat.
2.掃除そうじをさせられちる。
I was forced to do house chores.

Grammar structure number 60 :

Vさせる commanding form

Formation :

V group I: Vないない+せる
V group II: Vます( remove ます)+させる
V group III: する→させる
来る→こらせる

Explanation :

to allow somebody to do something

Example and meaning :

1.母(はは)は私(わたし)を学校(がっこう)に行(い)かせた。
I was forced to go to school by my mother.
2.店長(てんちょう)は店員(てんいん)に休(やす)ませてあげた。
The school’s stores allow its employee to take the day off.

Above are the JLPT N4 Grammar lesson 12. Remember to read carefully and make up your own examples to memorize better.

If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to comment below!

Check out other JLPT N4 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N4 Grammar

Stay with us on :
Facebook Twitter Pinterest

Suggested posts
Facebook Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *