JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 20

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 20JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 20

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 20. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar.

Let’s take a look at the next 5 structures.

Structure 96 :

(Vば/Vなければ/Vたら/Vなかったら)+よかった

Explanation:

If only, If only I had done V.
To show regret.

For example:

遅刻してしまった。もっと早く家出ればよかった。
I was late, if only I had left earlier.

田中さんとあんなことを言わなければよかった。
If only I didn’t say that to Mr. Tanaka.

Structure 97 :

Vば~のにVたら~のに

Explanation:

If only.
To emphasize the regret.

For example:

パーティー楽しかったよ。君も行けばよかったのに。
The party was really fun. If only you had come (but you didn’t).

安かったら買うのに。
If it was cheap I would have bought it (but it wasn’t so I didn’t buy it).

Structure 98 :

Vる+かな(あ)Vない+かな(あ)

Explanation:

Don’t know if ~
To show the interrogative-ness, put at the end of a sentence to question yourself.
If talking to other, it means to directly show a wish.

For example:

バス早く来ないかなあ。
Don’t know if the bus is going to be early.

この試験うまく行くかなあ。
Don’t know if I can do well in this exam.

今日富士山が見えるかな。
Don’t know if I can see mount Fuji today.

Structure 99 :

Vる+まで

Explanation:

Until the action V takes place ~

For example:

映画が始まるまで30分あります。
There is 30 more minutes until the time the movie starts.

連絡があるまで待っています。
I’m waiting till there is a contact.

Structure 100 :

N+まで

Explanation:

Even N ~
To show surprise the topic.

For example:

この魚は骨まで食べられますよ。
You can even eat this fish’s bones.

あなたまで私を疑うのですか。
How can even you also doubt me?

Above are the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 20. If there is anything that you find it hard to understand, feel free to common below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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