JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1

JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1. Hi everyone! In this article, Learn Japanese daily will start to introduce you to the JLPT N3 Grammar. Let’s learn about the first 5 structures.

Structure 1:

Vれる:

Principles :

  • Group I: Vu→a+れる
  • Group II: Vる+られる
  • Group III: する→しられる  くる→こられる

Explanation:

Vれる is the passive form of the verb. It means the verb (V) acts upon the subject. The passive form Vれるis usually used when the speaker doesn’t or doesn’t want to mention the subject.

For example:

この本の説明は詳しく書かれていません。The explanation in this book is not written in detail.

入学式は、このホールで行われます。The enrollment ceremony is organized in this hotel.

この建物は300年前に建てられました。This building was built 300 years ago.

Structure 2:

Nに+Vれる

Explanation:

The subject is acted upon by (N) with action V.

When talking about N – the initiator of the action that acts upon the subject, we only have to add N (the one who does action V) before the passive form of the verb.

For example:

雨に降られて、服がぬれてしまった。I got soaked in the rain.

父に死なれて、大学を続けられなくなりました。Because my dad passed away, I had to drop out of university.

Structure 3 :

V(さ)せてください
V(さ)せてもらえますか
V(さ)せてもらえませんか

Explanation:

Please let me do the action V.
This structure is used to ask for permission to do something politely.

Principles:

Vさせる:

Group I: Vu→a+せる
Group II: Vる+させる
Group III: する→させる/ くる→こさせる

てもらえますか and もらえませんか is equal to ください means asking for permission.

For example:

ちょっと気分が悪いので早く帰らせてください。As I’m not feeling well, please let me go home early.

あなたの会社のお話を聞かせてください。Please tell me about your company.

手を洗わせてください。 Can I wash my hands, please?

Structure 4 :

Vないと
Vなくちゃ

Explanation:

The action V has to be taken.
This is about a compulsory action, if not doing this, things will turn out badly. It’s similar to Vなければならない/Vなければいけない.

For example:

明日は早く出かけるから、もう寝ないと。I have to leave early, I must go to sleep now! (if i don’t sleep now, i can’t wake up early).

試験まで後一ヶ月だ。がんばって勉強しないと。The exam is in a month, have to study! (If you don’t study, the results will turn out badly).

田中さんにメールの返事をしなくちゃ。Have to reply to Tanaka’s email!

Structure 5 :

V(て)+ちゃう
V(で)+じゃう

Explanation:

The action V is already done.
These structure is used to show regret because someone did something (accidentally, not by purpose). It is also used to show the completion of an action (to finish up an activity).

For example:

食べてしまった→食べちゃった To eat up (nothing left).

帰ってしまう→帰っちゃう (if you don’t hurry) I will  go back.

飲んでしまおう→飲んじゃおう Drink it up.

混んでしまって→混んじゃって It’s all mixed up.

Above are everything about the JLPT N3 Grammar lesson 1. If there is any structures that you are confused about, or don’t understand completely, feel free to comment below.

Check out other JLPT N3 Grammar lessons in section: JLPT N3 Grammar

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