signs used in Japanese grammar structures

signs used in Japanese grammar structures

As we are about to introduce category : Japanese grammar dictionary which will explain Japanese grammar structure. in this post we will explain signs used in Japanese grammar structures. You can search for the meaning of the signs used in structures in case you don’t understand.

Signs Meanings Conjugation examples Examples in sentences
N Noun Nの+間に mean
Verb in infinitive form, then add 間に
夏休みの間に : On summer vacation
Vる (普通形) Verb (normal/ infinitive form) Vる+間に : Infinitive form of verb + 間に 日本にいる間に : While in Japan
Vている Verb in continuos form
Vない Passive verb Vない+ 間に : Verb in passive form  + 間に いない間 : While being absent
Vて (形) Verb in て form Vて+からでないと:Verb conjugated in てform +からでないと 相談してからでないと:once we haven’t discussed ~
Vた Past tense verb Vた+とき:Verb in た form+とき 日本に来た時:When I arrived Japan
Vなら, ば, たら Động từ chia ở thể giả định Vなら, ば、たら いい店なら:If it is a good store
このボタンを押せば:If you press this button
Vていた Verb in ていた form (past continuos tense) Vていた+時: Verb is conjugated in past continuos form and is added 時 泳ぎに行っていた:I was going swimming
Aい Adjective suffix い A(い)+くない : Adjective ending in い remove い, then add くない たかくない:Not high
Aな Adjective suffix な Aな+N : keep な intact, then add noun きれいなひと: beautiful, pretty, good-looking person

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