Japanese grammar ~です/ではありません/じゃありません ~desu/ dehaarimasen/ jaarimasen

Japanese grammar ~です/ではありません/じゃありません ~desu/ dehaarimasen/ jaarimasen

Let’s learn Japanese grammar ~です/ではありません/じゃありません ~desu/ dehaarimasen/ jaarimasen :

JLPT level : N5

Formation :

N + ではありません
N + じゃありません

Meaning and how to use :

Express that a noun is or is not something. It’s put at the end of a Japanese sentence.
+) “です” is an affirmative structure. Usually translated: “is”.
+) “ではありません” is negative form of “です” in honorific speaking.
+) “じゃありません” is negative form of “です” in normal speaking.

For example

Watashi ha betonamu jin desu.
I’m a Vietnamese

nōto desu.
to be a notebook.

sore ha pen de ha ari mase n.
That is not a pen.

sanchuu sensei de ha ari mase n.
He’s not teacher Yamanaka.

ano hito ha haha ja ari mase n.
That women is not my mom.

tsukue ja ari mase n.
It’s not a table.

Note: “じゃありません” is mostly used in verbal communication. The shorter form of “じゃありません” is “じゃない”
Short form of ”です” is “だ”.
Short form of で’はありません” is “ではない”.

Related structures :

でした/ではありませんでした deshita/ dehaarimasendeshita

above is Japanese grammar ~です/ではありません/じゃありません ~desu/ dehaarimasen/ jaarimasen. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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