Japanese grammar ばかりだ bakarida, bakari da

Japanese grammar ばかりだ bakarida, bakari daJapanese grammar ばかりだ bakarida, bakari da width=

Let’s learn Japanese grammar ばかりだ bakarida, bakari da :

JLPT level : N3

Formation :

Vた+ばかりだ。
Vる+ばかりだ

Meaning and how to use :

1. According to speaker’s feeling, an action that have just happened or finished since a short time ago.

Used only with : Vた+ばかりだ

For example

この携帯電話を買ったばかりなのに、すぐ使えなくなりました。
Kono keitai denwa o katta bakari na noni, sugu tsukae naku nari mashi ta.
I have just bought this mobilephone, but it immediately became unusable.

日本語を勉強したばかりな時、何でもわからないけど、後は先生に教えてもらいました。
nihongo o benkyou shi ta bakari na toki, nani de mo wakara nai kedo, ato ha sensei ni oshie te morai mashi ta.
when I had just started studying Japanese, I didn’t understand anything, then teacher helped me

家を出たばかりなのに、娘は大声で泣いてしまった。
ie o de ta bakari na noni, musume ha oogoe de nai te shimatta.
My daughter cried loudly when I just went out

私がこの仕事ができたばかりなのに、上司に「あの資料を読んで、すぐレポートを書きなさい」と言われました。
watashi ga kono shigoto ga deki ta bakari na noni, joushi ni ‘ano shiryou o yon de, sugu repōto o kakinasai’ to iware mashi ta.
My boss told me “Read this document and write a report right now!” right after I had just done this work

彼はご飯を食べたばかりで、すぐ宿題をします。本当に勤勉な子だ。
kare ha gohan o tabe ta bakari de, sugu shukudai o shi masu. Hontouni kinben na ko da.
He has finished his meal, then he sits down doing homework. What a hard working child.

2. Describe an event that takes a turn for the worse.

Used only with : Vる+ばかりだ

For example

君の日本語は下手になるばかりだ。
kimi no nihongo ha heta ni naru bakari da.
Your Japanese is just becoming worse and worse.

地球気温はだんだん暖かくなるばかりだ。
chikyuu kion ha dandan atatakaku naru bakari da.
Earth’s climate is warming.

会社のプロジェクトの進度は遅くなるばかりだ。
kaisha no purojekuto no shindo ha osoku naru bakari da.
The project’s progress is going slower .

3. Describe an event or a state which has been finished. We are waiting for another event to happen

For example

提案を書きました。あとは社長が同意してくれるばかりだ。
teian o kaki mashi ta. Ato ha shachou ga doui shi te kureru bakari da.
I have already made the project plan. I I just need my manager’s signature.

掃除したり、食べ物を作ったりした。子供が帰るばかりだ。
souji shi tari, tabemono o tsukuttari shi ta. Kodomo ga kaeru bakari da.
I have cooked the meal and cleaned the rooms. We can eat when the childen go back.

レポートを提出しました。あとは試験を受けるばかりで、暇になった。
repōto o teishutsu shi mashi ta. Ato ha shiken o ukeru bakari de, hima ni natta.
I’ve sent the report and will be free after doing the test.

Related structures :

ばかりいる bakariiru
ばかりで bakaride
ばかりだ bakarida
ばかりの bakarino
んばかり nbakari
ばかりに bakarini
ばかりもいられない bakarimoirarenai
とばかりはいえない tobakarihaienai
とばかりおもっていた tobakariomotteita
とばかりに tobakarini
ばかりか bakarika
ばかりでなく…も bakaridenaku…mo
ばかり:bakari
ばかりは:bakariha
Cách dùng thứ 2: 一方

above is Japanese grammar ばかりだ bakarida, bakari da. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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