Japanese grammar による niyoru, ni yoru

Japanese grammar による niyoru, ni yoruJapanese grammar による niyoru, ni yoru width=

Let’s learn Japanese grammar による niyoru, ni yoru :

JLPT level : N3

Formation :

N + による +N

Meaning and how to use :

1. Describe verb’s subject, mean “by..”

For example

有名な作家による小説が売れています。
Yuumei na sakka niyoru shousetsu ga ure te i masu.
The novel, written by famous author, is being sold out

建築家による建物はできました
kenchiku ka niyoru tatemono ha deki mashi ta
The building created by architect is done

2. Reason, cause

For example

台風による死んだ人は増えている
taifuu niyoru shin da hito ha fue te iru
the number of people died in storm is raising

大雨による倒れる木がだんだん減っている
ooame niyoru taoreru ki ga dandan hette iru
The number of trees knocked by heavy rain is decreasing

3. Describe method

For example

組み立てによるおもちゃは人気になっている。
kumitate niyoru omocha ha ninki ni natte iru
Toys made by assembly is being loved so much

話し合いによる会議はいい結果を出して終わりました
hanashiai niyoru kaigi ha ii kekka o dashi te owari mashi ta
The meeting is done by negotiation ended with a good result.

4. Describe a fact that everyone has their own idea/everything has their own feature

For example

考えによる人が行動も違います、
kangae niyoru hito ga koudou mo chigai masu
depending on different thinking, people’s action will also changes

地方による習慣はすべて国家の遺産です。
chihou niyoru shuukan ha subete kokka no isan desu.
Customs which are created by regions are all national heritage.

Note: による combines with and modifies noun

Related structures :

によって niyotte, ni yotte
により niyori, ni yori
によると niyoruto, ni yoruto
によれば niyoreba, ni yoreba

above is Japanese grammar による niyoru, ni yoru. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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