Japanese grammar だろう darou

Japanese grammar だろう darou

Let’s learn Japanese grammar だろう darou :

JLPT level : N5

Formation :


Meaning and how to use :

Describe someone’s speculation of something. Depend on the context, this speaking does not describe speculation but vaguely express a judgement. It often combines with “たぶん” and “きっと”.

For example

Ashita yuki ga furu daro u.
Appearantly it’ll rain tomorrow.

ima ha ichi ni ji sugi ta node, kitto ai chan ha ne ta daro u.
It’s over 0 am now, so little Ai might be sleeping.

kyou ha sensei ni taido ga warui node, tabun sensei ga totemo okotta daro u ne.
I expressed a bad attitude to teacher, so he must be really angry.

2. Describe confirmation in which the speaker implies he wants the listener’s approvement. This speaking is used in spoken language with the tone rising at “だろう”

For example

mado kara atsui kōto o ki te iru hito ga mieru node, soto ha totemo samui daro u.
I saw a man wearing a coat. It’s so cold outside, isn’t it?

shanhai ha nigiyaka daro u. Kimi ga okonatta koto ga aru yo ne.
Shanghai is really bustling, isn’t it? You have come to there.

kono mondai, muzukashii daro u.
This excercise is so diffcult, isn’t it?

Note: Formal form of “だろう” is “でしょう”.
Both men and women can use this structure in written form. But in verbal communication, only the men use this structure.

Related structures :

だろうに darouni
だろうか darouka
~だろうが、~だろうが ~darouga, ~darouga
のだろう nodarou
でしょう deshou

above is Japanese grammar だろう darou. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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