Japanese grammar こちら/そちら/あちら kochira/ sochira/ achira

Japanese grammar こちら/そちら/あちら kochira/ sochira/ achiraJapanese grammar こちら/そちら/あちら kochira/ sochira/ achira width=

Let’s learn Japanese grammar こちら/そちら/あちら kochira/ sochira/ achira :

JLPT level : N5

Formation :

Meaning and how to use :

1. Are pronouns indicating direction, place, position of people, object or thing.

+) “こちら” describes the postition that is near the speaker but far the listener. (here)
+) “そちら” describes the postition that is far the speaker but near the listener (there)
+) “あちら” describes the postition that is far both the speaker and the listener

For example

こちらは居間です。
Kochira wa ima desu.
This place is living room.

そちらに電話があります。
sochira ni denwa ga ari masu.
There’s telephone there.

あちらに立っている人は中村さんです。
achira ni tatte iru hito wa nakamura san desu.
The man who is standing there is Nakamura.

2. “こちら” is also used to introduce a person that doesn’t belong to the speaker’s family.

こちらはIMC会社の会社員のナムさんです。
kochira wa IMC[?] kaisha no kaisha in no namu san desu
This is Mr. Nam, staff of IMC company.

こちらは私の友人のマリアさんです。
kochira wa watashi no yūjin no maria san desu.
This is Mrs. Maria,my friend.

Note:
1. “こちら/そちら/あちら”in turn is polite speaking of “ここ/そこ/あそこ”
2. when the speaker and the listener stand in the same position, “こちら” will be used to indicate the place near by the 2 roles, “そちら” indicates an a bit farther position. “あちら” indicates an absolute farther position..

Related structures :

これ/それ/あれ kore/ sore/ are
どこ/どちら doko/ dochira
この/その/あの kono/ sono/ ano
N1のN2 N1 no N2

above is Japanese grammar こちら/そちら/あちら kochira/ sochira/ achira. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures.

You can search the structure you want by using the search tool on our website (using key : grammar + ‘structure name’ or you can find more Japanese grammar structures in the following category : Japanese grammar dictionary

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